Neha Patil (Editor)

2,3,5,7 Tetrahydroxy 1,4 naphthalenedione

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Formula  C10H6O6
Molar mass  222.15 g/mol
2,3,5,7-Tetrahydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione

2,3,5,7-Tetraahydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione, also called 2,3,5,7-tetrahydroxynaphthoquinone or spinochrome B, is an organic compound with formula C
10
H
6
O
4
, formally derived from 1,4-naphthoquinone through the replacement of four hydrogen atoms by hydroxyl (OH) groups.

Spinochrome B occurs naturally as pigment in the shell and spines of sea urchins such as the Japanese dull red species aka-uni (Pseudocentrotus depressus), the greenish-black murasaki-uni (Heliocidaris crassispina), and the brown bafun-uni (Strongylocentrotus pulcherrimus). It is soluble in methanol and crystallizes as bright red needles that sublime above 200 °C.

The compound gives a greenish yellow solution when treated with sodium hydroxide, a green solution with ferric chloride, and a green precipitate with lead acetate. It forms a fourfold acetate ester, C
10
H
2
O
2
(CH
3
COO
)4, that crystallizes from methanol as yellow needles that melt at 157 °C.

References

2,3,5,7-Tetrahydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione Wikipedia


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