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1st Missouri Infantry (Confederate)

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Allegiance  Missouri
Type  Infantry
1st Missouri Infantry (Confederate)
Active  September 1861 to April 9, 1865
Country  Confederate States of America
Branch  Confederate States Army
Engagements  Battle of Shiloh Battle of Iuka Battle of Corinth Battle of Resaca Battle of Dallas Battle of New Hope Church Battle of Kennesaw Mountain Battle of Atlanta Siege of Atlanta Battle of Jonesborough Battle of Lovejoy's Station Battle of Franklin (1864) Battle of Nashville Battle of Fort Blakely

The 1st Missouri Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.



The regiment was organized in Memphis, Tennessee and New Madrid, Missouri in June–September 1861 by Col. John S. Bowen, the regiment's first commander. The regiment was composed primarily of pro-secession Missourians from the St. Louis area and southeast Missouri. The origin of the original companies is as follows:

  • Company "A": Pargoud Volunteers - New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Company "B": Wade Guards - St. Louis, Missouri
  • Company "C": South St. Louis Guards - Carondelet, Missouri
  • Company "D": St. Louis Greys - St. Louis, Missouri
  • Company "E": St. Louis Minutemen - St. Louis, Missouri
  • Company "F": St. Louis Southern Guards - St. Louis, Missouri
  • Company "G": New Madrid Guards - New Madrid County, Missouri
  • Company "H": Pemiscot Rifles - Pemiscot County, Missouri
  • Company "I": Missouri Guards - New Madrid County, Missouri
  • Company "K": Missouri Greys - New Madrid County, Missouri
  • Service

    The unit first saw action April 6–7, 1862 at the Battle of Shiloh.

    After major losses during the battles of Iuka and 2nd Corinth, the regiment was reorganized at Holly Springs, Mississippi on November 7, 1862 by merging the 1st Missouri Infantry with the 4th Missouri Infantry, after which point it became known as the "1st and 4th Consolidated Missouri Infantry".

    The "1st and 4th Consolidated Missouri Infantry" fought as a unit of the Confederate Army of Tennessee during the Atlanta Campaign and General John Bell Hood's 1864 invasion of Tennessee. After the failure of that campaign, the regiment was ordered to Mobile, Alabama, where they participated in the defense of Fort Blakely. The fort's garrison was surrendered on April 9, 1865 as which point the regiment functionally ceased to exist.


  • Colonel John S. Bowen
  • Colonel Lucius L. Rich
  • Colonel Hugh A. Garland
  • Lt Colonel Martin Burke
  • Lt. Colonel Amos C. Riley
  • Major Robert J. Duffy
  • Major Bradford Keith
  • Major Charles C. Campbell
  • References

    1st Missouri Infantry (Confederate) Wikipedia

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