| June 29-July 9|
| Hayward Field|
| Eugene, Oregon, United States|
The Men's 1972 United States Olympic Trials for track and field were held at Hayward Field in Eugene, Oregon, organized by the AAU. This was the first trials with no preliminary events. The athletes who were allowed to enter merely had to meet the qualification standard in their event. This was also the last time the Women's Olympic Trials were held separately. The eleven-day competition lasted from June 29 until July 9.
The Women's Olympic Trials were held separately under less elegant conditions at Governor Thomas Johnson High School in Frederick, Maryland. There were no wind readings taken during the events that normally require them and while photo finish equipment was available in Eugene to separate close finishes, it was not available when needed in Frederick. As a consequence, the women's 100 meter race had to declare a tie for second place and was only able to assess one hand time for the winner. The women's trials took place on July 7–8. The pentathlon took place in Los Alamos, New Mexico on June 23 and 24 and allowed two Canadian athletes to participate. The Canadian athletes finished in the first two positions but did not displace the selection of the American team.
1972 United States Olympic Trials (track and field) Wikipedia
Key: ≠ Athlete without "A" standard, not selected.a