Kalpana Kalpana

1971 Solomon Islands earthquakes

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Casualties  2 dead, 5 injured
1971 Solomon Islands earthquakes
Magnitude  July 14 – 8.0 Mw July 26 – 8.1 Mw
Depth  July 14 – 45 km (28 mi) July 26 – 37 km (23 mi)
Max. intensity  July 14 – IX (Violent) July 26 – VI (Strong)

The 1971 Solomon Islands earthquakes occurred in the northern part of the Solomon Islands, within Papua New Guinea as a doublet earthquake. The first large shock occurred on July 14 at 06:11 UTC with a magnitude of Mw 8.0. The second large event occurred on July 26 at 01:23 UTC with a magnitude of Mw 8.1. The initial event on July 14 caused a tsunami, which was observed in Rabaul. The earthquake of July 26 triggered a tsunami with a 3.4 m (11 ft) runup in New Britain.

Shallow, large thrust earthquakes in the Solomon Islands tend to occur in multiplets. Examples of such earthquakes include the doublets occurred in 1971, 1974, and 1975. The 1971 doublet occurred at the junction of two trenches. The July 14 earthquake is located in the northwestern Solomon Islands Trench, while the July 26 earthquake ruptured the northeastern New Britain Trench. The July 14 earthquake and the July 26 earthquake were caused by the subduction of the Solomon Sea Plate beneath the Pacific Plate and the Bismark Sea Plate, respectively. The 1971 sequence had the largest earthquake in 50 years in this region as it occurred.

References

1971 Solomon Islands earthquakes Wikipedia


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