Harman Patil

1963 Aeroflot Tupolev Tu 124 Neva river ditching

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Passengers  45
Survivors  52 (all)
Registration  СССР-45021
Number of deaths  0
Passenger count  45
Fatalities  0
Aircraft type  Tupolev Tu-124
Date  21 August 1963
Operator  Aeroflot
Crew count  7
1963 Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-124 Neva river ditching icdnturnercomireportsmprod20090116WE0018
Summary  Fuel exhaustion due to pilot and maintenance error
Sites  Neva River, Saint Petersburg, Soviet Union
Similar  Trans‑Canada Air Lines Flight 831, Swissair Flight 306, Pan Am Flight 6, Pan Am Flight 214, Alrosa Mirny Air Enterpris

The 1963 Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-124 Neva river ditching was a water landing by a Tupolev Tu-124 of the Soviet state airline Aeroflot (Moscow division). The aircraft took off from Tallinn-Ülemiste Airport (TLL) at 08:55 on 21 August with 45 passengers and 7 crew on board. The aircraft (registration number SSSR-45021) was built in 1962 and was scheduled to fly to Moscow-Vnukovo (VKO) under the command of 27-year-old captain Victor Mostovoy. After takeoff the nose gear did not retract. Ground control diverted the flight to Leningrad (LED) – because of fog at Tallinn.

At 10:00 the aircraft started to circle the city at 450 m (1,480 ft), in order to use fuel, reducing weight and decreasing the risk of fire in the event of a crash. The ground services at Pulkovo Airport (LED) were preparing the dirt runway for the landing. Each circuit around the city took the aircraft approximately 15 minutes. During this time the crew attempted to force the nose gear to lock into the fully extended position by pushing it with a pole taken from the cloak closet.

On the eighth and last circuit while 20 km (12 mi) from the airport, the no. 1 engine flamed out due to fuel starvation. The remaining engine ceased shortly thereafter, with the aircraft above the city center, traveling east over St. Isaac's Cathedral and the Admiralty. Upon loss of power the flight crew ditched the aircraft in the 300-metre (980 ft) wide Neva River.

Eyewitnesses saw the Tupolev descend upstream. Immediately after a turn, the aircraft glided over the high steel structures of the Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge with approximately 30 m (100 ft) of clearance. The Tu-124 flew over the Alexander Nevsky Bridge – under construction at the time – barely missing it. The pilot managed to land the aircraft onto the river, in close proximity to an 1898-built steam tugboat.

The plane began to flood. The tugboat's captain then broke the aircraft's windshield to tie a cable to the cockpit's control wheel and proceeded to tow the craft to the river bank. During the tow all passengers remained on board. Passengers and crew then evacuated the cabin via an access hatch on the plane's roof.

References

1963 Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-124 Neva river ditching Wikipedia


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