The 1951–52 DDR-Oberliga was the third season of the DDR-Oberliga, the first tier of league football in East Germany.
The league was contested by 19 teams and BSG Turbine Halle won the championship, the club's second one after 1949.
Rudolf Krause of BSG Chemie Leipzig and Kurt Weißenfels of Lokomotive Stendal were the league's joint top scorer with 27 goals each. The season also saw the most goals ever scored in the history of the Oberliga with 1,233, 55 goals more than the previous one.
The 1951–52 season saw the highest spectator number of any DDR-Oberliga season with a total of 3,620,000, in line with the record number of season games played, 342.