February 9 – 6.00 p.m. – Tristan Tzara "founds" Dadaism (according to Hans Arp).
March 1 – Liljevalchs konsthall inaugurated in Stockholm.
May 20 – Boy with Baby Carriage is Norman Rockwell's first cover for The Saturday Evening Post.
May – Muirhead Bone recruited as a war artist by the British War Propaganda Bureau. At the end of the year, his album of drawings The Western Front begins publication.
June 16 – Cleveland Museum of Art opens.
August 31 – Kestnergesellschaft founded in Hanover, Germany.
September 19 – Edvard Munch's paintings for the Aula (festival hall) of Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet, Christiania, are inaugurated.
September 26 – C. R. W. Nevinson's first major single-artist exhibition opens in London.
November – John Nash arrives with the Artists Rifles in France.
Vanessa Bell's first single-artist exhibition is staged at Omega Workshops in London.
Provincial Fine Arts Museum completed in Córdoba, Argentina.
Ezra Pound publishes Gaudier-Brzeska: A Memoir.
Paul Wayland Bartlett – Apotheosis of Democracy (pediment sculpture on United States Capitol)
Vanessa Bell – Nude with Poppies
Umberto Boccioni – Portrait of Ferruccio Busoni
Constantin Brâncuși – Princess X (sculpture)
Frank Brangwyn – Mosaic for apse of St Aidan's Church, Leeds, England
George Clausen – Youth Mourning
Giorgio de Chirico
The Disquieting Muses
The Melancholy of Departure
Metaphysical Interior with Biscuits
Marcel Duchamp – Apolinère Enameled (approximate date)
Jacob Epstein – The Tin Hat (bronze head)
Paul Gustav Fischer – Sunbathing in the Dunes
Gilbert Cannan at his Mill
J. W. Godward
By The Blue Ionian Sea
Lesbia With Her Sparrow
Richard Jack – The Return to the Front: Victoria Railway Station
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – Königstein Station
Alfred Laliberté – Les petits Baigneurs (bronze, Montreal)
Fernand Léger – Soldier with a Pipe
Wilhelm Lehmbruck – The Fallen (sculpture)
Kazimir Malevich – Suprematist Composition
Edward Middleton Manigault
Still Life with Lemons
Vorticist Landscape (War Impressions) (approximate date)
Henri Matisse – The Piano Lesson
Femme au miroir (Femme à sa toilette, Lady at her Dressing Table)
Fruit and a Jug on a Table
portrait of Beatrice Hastings
portrait of Max Jacob
Jacques and Berthe Lipchitz
two portraits of Chaim Soutine
Claude Monet – paintings in Water Lilies series
Nympheas (Musée Marmottan Monet)
Water Lilies (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)
C. R. W. Nevinson
French Troops Resting
Matthew Smith – Fitzroy Street Nude No. 1
April 11 – Irv Novick, American comic book artist (died 2004)
April 20 – Gerald Dillon, Irish painter (died 1971)
April 26 – Eyvind Earle, American illustrator and Disney artist (died 2000)
June 24 – Saloua Raouda Choucair, Lebanese painter and sculptor (died 2017)
July 25 – Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist (died 2001)
September 29 – Carl Giles, English cartoonist (died 1995)
October 18 – Jean-Yves Couliou, French painter (died 1995)
November 3 – Harry Lampert, American cartoonist, advertising artist and author (died 2004)
November 10 – Louis le Brocquy, Irish painter (died 2012)
November 25 – Villu Toots, Estonian calligrapher, book designer, educator, paleograph and author (died 1993)
February 13 – Vilhelm Hammershøi, Danish painter (born 1864)
March 4 – Franz Marc, German Expressionist painter (born 1880) (killed in action during Battle of Verdun)
June 25 – Thomas Eakins, American painter, sculptor and teacher (born 1844)
June 29 – Georges Lacombe, French artist (born 1868)
July 6 – Odilon Redon, French Symbolist painter and graphic artist (born 1840)
July 29 – Eleanor Vere Boyle, English watercolorist (born 1825)
August 17 – Umberto Boccioni, Italian Futurist painter and sculptor (born 1882) (died following a fall during cavalry training)
August 23 – Jean-Paul Aubé, French sculptor (born 1837)
August 28 – Henri Harpignies, French landscape painter of the Barbizon school (born 1819)
October 25 – William Merritt Chase, American Impressionist painter (born 1849)
December 13 – Antonin Mercié, French sculptor and painter (born 1845)
Wu Shixian, Chinese landscape painter during the Qing dynasty (born unknown)
Branko Radulović, Serbian painter (born 1885).
1916 in art Wikipedia