Neha Patil

14 Irene

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Discovered by  John Russell Hind
Minor planet category  Main belt
Orbital period  1,518 days
Orbits  Sun
Discoverer  John Russell Hind
Discovery date  May 19, 1851
Aphelion  451.858 Gm (3.020 AU)
Discovered  19 May 1851
Spectral type  S-type asteroid
Named after  Eirene
14 Irene
Pronunciation  /aɪˈriːniː/ eye-REE-nee
Alternative names  A906 QC; A913 EA; 1952 TM
Similar  John Russell Hind discoveries, Other celestial objects

14 Irene is a large main-belt asteroid, discovered by John Russell Hind on May 19, 1851.

14 Irene was named after Irēnē, a personification of peace in Greek mythology. She was one of the Horae, daughter of Zeus and Themis. The name was suggested by Sir John Herschel. Hind wrote,

"You will readily discover that this name [...] has some relation to this event (the Great Industrial Exhibition) which is now filling our metropolis [London] with the talent of all civilised nations, with those of Peace, the productions of Art and Science, in which all mankind must feel an interest."

The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations in the Crystal Palace of Hyde Park, London, ran from May 1 until October 18, 1851.

Hind suggested that the symbol for the asteroid should be "A dove carrying an olive-branch, with a star on its head", but an actual drawing of the symbol was never made before the use of graphical symbols to represent asteroids was dropped entirely.

The fairly flat Irenian lightcurves indicate somewhat spherical proportions. There have been four reported stellar occultation events by Irene.

References

14 Irene Wikipedia


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