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1389 Onnie

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Discovered by  H. van Gent
MPC designation  1389 Onnie
Discovered  28 September 1935
Discoverer  Hendrik van Gent
Discovery site  Union Observatory
Discovery date  28 September 1935
Minor planet category  main-belt · Koronis
Orbits  Sun
Asteroid family  Koronis family
Asteroid group  Asteroid belt
1389 Onnie httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Named after  A. Kruyt (relative of G. Pels)
Alternative names  1935 SS1 · 1949 QV1 1955 XB1
Similar  Sun, 1353 Maartje, 208 Lacrimosa, 277 Elvira, 9916 Kibirev

1389 Onnie, provisional designation 1935 SS1, is a stony Koronian asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 28 September 1935, by Dutch astronomer Hendrik van Gent at Leiden Southern Station, annex to the Johannesburg Observatory in South Africa.

The stony S-type asteroid belongs to the Koronis family, a group consisting of few hundred known bodies with nearly ecliptical orbits. Onnie orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.8–2.9 AU once every 4 years and 10 months (1,771 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.02 and an inclination of 2° with respect to the ecliptic. As no precoveries were taken, and no prior identifications were made, the body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Johannesburg.

American astronomer Richard P. Binzel obtained a rotational light-curve of Onnie from photometric observations in September 1983. It gave a longer-than average rotation period of 22.5 hours with a change in brightness of 0.34 magnitude (U=2). In 2011 and 2013, respectively, a modeled light-curve using data from the Uppsala Asteroid Photometric Catalogue and other sources gave a period 23.0447 hours, as well as a spin axis of (183.0°, -75.0°) in ecliptic coordinates (U=n.a.).

According to the 2014-published result by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Onnie measures 13.77 kilometers in diameter, and its surface has an albedo of 0.198. The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for stony Koronian asteroids of 0.24 and derives a diameter of 12.46 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 11.69.

This minor planet was named for A. Kruyt, sister-in-law of astronomer G. Pels (1893–1966). Pels, who proposed the minor planet's name, was as a lifelong member of the Leiden Observatory's staff, observer of minor planets at Leiden, as well as an orbit computer for many of Hendrik van Gent's made discoveries. The minor planet 1667 Pels was named in his honour.

References

1389 Onnie Wikipedia


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