|Country United States|
Garrison/HQ Cairo, Illinois
|Active April 20, 1861–July 29, 1861|
The 10th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment (3 months) was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army between April 20, 1861–July 29, 1861, during the American Civil War.
The infantry regiment was organized at Springfield, Illinois from the first companies reporting on April 20th, 1861. They were ordered to Cairo, Illinois on April 22nd where it became fully organized by an additional three companies, three artillery companies and mustered in for a three-month service by Captain John Pope, United States Army, on April 29th, 1861. They were attached to Prentiss' Brigade and placed on garrison duty at Cairo, Illinois until being mustered out on July 29th, 1861. the regiment had lost four by disease.