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109th Infantry Regiment (United States)

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Covid-19
Active  1877
Allegiance  Pennsylvania
Country  United States
Type  Infantry
109th Infantry Regiment (United States)
Branch  Pennsylvania Army National Guard
Nickname(s)  Thirteenth Pennsylvania (special designation)

The 109th Infantry Regiment ("Thirteenth Pennsylvania") is an infantry regiment of the United States Army. Its legacy unit, 1st Battalion, 109th Infantry, is part of the 55th Heavy Brigade Combat Team, a unit of the 28th Infantry Division.

Contents

History

Assigned to the 28th Infantry Division (Pennsylvania Army National Guard). Currently, the 1st Battalion/109th Infantry is a component unit of the 55th Heavy Brigade Combat Team of the 28th Infantry Division.

In the First World War, the regiment arrived in France in May, 1918, and was engaged in combat during the Second Battle of the Marne (July 14-18, 1918) in the vicinity of Bois le Rois commune, in the Seine et Marne department, as well as during the Meuse-Argonne offensive, the principal engagement of the American Expeditionary Forces during the First World War, from September until the end of the war on November 11, 1918.

During its participation in the European Theater of Operations in the Second World War, the 109th Regiment served across France and through the Hurtgen Forest of Germany; elements of the Regiment led the Division into the Rhineland to become the first troops to invade German soil since Napoleon. The 109th Infantry won battle honors at Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes-Alsace, the Rhineland and Central Europe and they were honored with the Luxemburg Croix de Guerre and the French Croix de Guerre for action at Colmar "Colmar Pocket" . Eddie Slovik, a member of this regiment was the only American soldier executed for desertion in the 20th century.

Distinctive unit insignia

  • Description
  • A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches (2.86 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Azure in fess, a sheathed Roman sword, point to base, and a giant cactus Or; on a chief of the last six fleurs-de-lis of the field. Attached below the shield a Gold scroll inscribed "CIVES ARMA FERANT" in Blue letters.

  • Symbolism
  • The shield is blue for Infantry. The sheathed Roman sword, taken from the Spanish War Service Medal, indicates the service during the Spanish–American War, the cactus denotes the service on the Mexican Border and the chief with the six fleurs-de-lis symbolizes the six battle honors during World War I.

  • Background
  • The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 11 June 1929. It was amended to correct the description on 6 July 1929.

    Blazon

  • Shield
  • Azure, in fess a sheathed Roman sword, point to base, and a giant cactus Or; on a chief of the last six fleurs-de-lis of the field.

  • Crest
  • That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Pennsylvania Army National Guard: On a wreath of the colors (Or and Azure) a lion rampant guardant Proper holding in dexter paw a naked scimitar Argent, hilted Or, and in sinister an escutcheon Argent on a fess Sable three plates. Motto CIVES ARMA FERANT (Let the Citizens Bear Arms).

    Symbolism

  • Shield
  • The shield is blue for Infantry. The sheathed Roman sword, taken from the Spanish War Service Medal, indicates the service during the Spanish–American War, the cactus denotes the service on the Mexican Border and the chief with the six fleurs-de-lis symbolizes the six battle honors during World War I.

  • Crest
  • The crest is that of the Pennsylvania Army National Guard.

    Background

    The coat of arms was approved on 2 July 1929.

    Medal of Honor

    One soldier, Technical Sergeant Francis J. Clark of Company K, earned the Medal of Honor while serving with the 109th Infantry on 12 September 1944 during the Siegfried Line Campaign.

    References

    109th Infantry Regiment (United States) Wikipedia


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