Harman Patil (Editor)

102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers)

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Covid-19
Active  1742 to 1881.
Branch  Army
Role  Light Infantry
Country  United Kingdom
Type  Line Infantry
Size  Two battalions

The 102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers) was an infantry regiment, originally raised by the British East India Company and absorbed by the British Army in 1862. It was combined with the 103rd Regiment of Foot in 1881 to form the Royal Dublin Fusiliers.

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East India Company Regiments

Between the years of 1746 and 1830 the Honorable East India Company European Regiment looked after that organisation's interests in British Colonial India. The regiment was renamed HEIC Madras European Regiment in 1830, the HEIC 1st Madras Europeans in 1839, and the HEIC 1st Madras European Fusiliers in 1843.

Between the years 1858 and 1861, following the uprising commonly known as the Indian Mutiny, the regiment was taken into the British Army as the 1st Madras European Fusiliers regiment.

British service

On 30 June 1862, Queen Victoria conferred upon the Madras European Fusiliers the title of 'Royal'. From this point, they became known as the 102nd (Royal Madras Fusiliers) Regiment.

In 1881, the 102nd Regiment was merged with the 103rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Bombay Fusiliers) to form the Royal Dublin Fusiliers. As the senior regiment on amalgamation, the former 102nd Regiment formed the 1st Battalion of the new regiment. The battalion was disbanded in 1922 on the formation of the Irish Free State.

Battle honours

Battle honours won by the regiment were:

Victoria Crosses

  • Private Thomas Duffy, Indian Mutiny (6 September 1857)
  • Private John Ryan, Indian Mutiny (26 September 1857)
  • Private John Smith, Indian Mutiny (16 November 1857)
  • Colonels of the Regiment

    Colonels of the Regiment included:

    102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers)
  • 1862–1881: Gen. Sir Robert John Hussey Vivian, GCB
  • References

    102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers) Wikipedia


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