News agencies were created with a single aim to enrich the newspapers with a wide variety of news events happening around the world. Initially the agencies were meant to provide the news items only to the newspapers but with the passage of time, the rapidly developing modern mediums such as the radio, television and Internet too adapted the services of news agencies.
Founded in 1835, The Associated Press (or AP) is the first news agency in the world. It was founded in New York, the United States of America as a not-for-profit news agency. The Associated Press was challenged by the creation of United Press Associations (now United Press International) in 1907 by William Randolph Hearst. In 1851 Reuters was founded in England. In 1944 Agence France-Presse (or AFP) was founded, making it the third-biggest news agency after AP and Reuters. With the advent of communism in Russia, Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (or TASS) was founded in 1925. Xinhua was later founded as Red China News Services in the Chinese Soviet Republic. Political change in the Third World resulted in a new wave of information dissemination had taken over and a series of news agencies were born out of it. These agencies later on formed their own Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool (NANAP). The NANAP served as a premiere information service among the countries of the Third World.
List of news agencies Wikipedia
Below is the list of the principal news agencies.