Trisha Shetty (Editor)

List of military operations in the Nordic countries during World War II

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The following is a list of military operations conducted in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Greenland during World War II.

Contents

Axis

  • Birke ("Birch") (1944) — German plan to withdraw from northern Finland prior to the Lapland War
  • Birkhahn (1945) — German evacuation from Norway.
  • Büffel ("Buffalo") (1940) — German operation to relieve troops in Narvik, Norway
  • Holzauge ("Wood knot") (1942) — activities in Greenland
  • Ikarus (1940) — planned German invasion of Iceland in response to British Operation Fork
  • Juno (1940) — German naval operation to disturb allied supplies to Norway
  • Lachsfang (1942) — Proposed combined German and Finnish attack against Kandalaksha and Belomorsk
  • Nordlicht [2] ("Aurora Borealis") (1944) — German withdrawal from the Kola Peninsula into Norway
  • Silberfuchs ("Silver Fox") (1941) — German operations in the Arctic, including:
  • Blaufuchs 1 ("Blue Fox 1") (1941) — Staging of German forces from Germany to northern Finland
  • Blaufuchs 2 ("Blue Fox 2") (1941) — Staging of German forces from Norway to northern Finland
  • Platinfuchs ("Platinum Fox") (1941) — German attack towards Murmansk from Finnish Petsamo
  • Polarfuchs ("Polar Fox") (1941) — German attack towards Kandalaksha from Finnish Lapland
  • Renntier ("Reindeer") (1941) — German occupation of Petsamo
  • Sizilien (1943) — German raid upon Allied-occupied Spitzbergen (Svalbard)
  • Tanne Ost (1944) — failed German attempt to capture Suursaari from Finland
  • Tanne West (1944) — planned German attempt to capture the Åland Islands from Finland
  • Weserübung ("Weser Exercise") (1940) — German invasion of Denmark and Norway
  • Weserübung Nord ("Weser Exercise") (1940) — German invasion of Trondheim and Narvik
  • Weserübung Sud ("Weser Exercise") (1940) — German invasion of Bergen, Kristiansand and Oslo
  • Zitronella ("Lemon flavour") (1943) — alternate name for Operation Sizilien
  • Allies

  • Alphabet (1940) — evacuation of British troops from Norway
  • Apostle (1945) — SAS operation to enforce German surrender in Norway
  • Archery (1941) — British commando raid on Vågsøy, Norway
  • Anklet (1941) — raid on German positions on Lofoten Islands, Norway
  • Brandy (1943) — MTB and commando raid on Florø, Norway
  • Carthage (1945) — RAF bombing of the Gestapo headquarters in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Cartoon (1943) — commando raid on the island of Stord near Leirvik, Norway
  • Catherine (1939) British plan to gain control of Baltic Sea
  • Claymore (1941) — British raid on Lofoten Islands, Norway
  • Crackers (1943) — British raid at Sognefjord, Norway
  • Doomsday (1945) — alternative name for Apostle
  • Freshman (1942 ) — attempted raid on a Norwegian heavy water plant at Vemork, see Gunnerside
  • Grouse (1942) — Norwegian guide party for Freshman
  • Gunnerside (1943) — 2nd raid on the Norwegian heavy water plant at Vemork
  • Fork (1940) — Invasion of Iceland by British.
  • Gauntlet (1941) — raid on Spitzbergen
  • Jupiter (1942) — suggested invasion of Norway
  • Kitbag (1941) — aborted commando raid on town of Florø in Norway
  • Leader (1943) — American/British Home Fleet raid on German shipping along the coast of Norway in the Bodø area
  • Musketoon (1942) — British/ Norwegian destruction of a power station in Norway
  • R 4 (1940) — Planned British invasion of Norway
  • Source (1943) — British response to German operation Sizilien
  • The Sepals/Perianth Operation (1944) — OSS supported operation in Sweden
  • Sunshine (1944) — Combined British/Norwegian operation to protect essential power installations against possible German scorched earth tactics towards the end of the war
  • Wilfred (1940) — British plan to mine the Norwegian coast
  • Other

  • Rädda Danmark ("Save Denmark") (1945) — Swedish plan to liberate Denmark before the country was occupied by the Soviet Union (cancelled because of German surrender)
  • Rädda Själland ("Save Zealand") (1945) — Swedish landings on Zealand
  • Rädda Bornholm ("Save Bornholm") (1945) — Swedish landings on Bornholm
  • References

    List of military operations in the Nordic countries during World War II Wikipedia


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