Harman Patil (Editor)

List of languages by year of first Bible translation

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The Bible has been translated into many languages. The Jewish Tanakh (similar to the Protestant Old Testament) was originally written in Hebrew, with the exception of some passages of Daniel, Ezra, and Jeremiah which are in Aramaic. The New Testament is widely agreed to have originally been written in Greek, although some scholars hypothesize that certain books (whether completely or partially) may have been written in Aramaic before being translated for widespread dissemination.

Contents

Latin

Partly: end of 2nd century

Completely: mid 3rd century for Vetus Latina; around 407 for Jerome's Vulgate

Syriac

Partly:

Completely: earlier versions 2nd century; Peshitta 4th century

Coptic

Partly: First Century

Completely: Second Century (to Akhmimic, Sahidic and Bohairic Dialects)

Gothic

Partly:

Completely: 383 by Ulifas or Ulfilas

Armenian

Partly: by Saint Mesrop (translated from Syriac)

Completely:

Nubian

Partly:

Completely: 6th century

Chinese

Partly: 640 (by Nestorian Christians for Chinese Emperor)

Completely: 1823

Arabic

Partly:

Completely: 8th century

Anglo-saxon

Partly: 7th century

Completely:

Slavonic

Partly: 9th century

Completely:

German

Partly: 748 Gospel of Matthew (Mondsee Fragments)

Completely: 1466 Mentelin Bible (there were several German translations before Martin Luther's translation 1535)

Slovene

  • Partly:
  • Freising Manuscripts (972–1039; contains the translation of Matthew 25:34)
  • Primož Trubar, 1555–1577 (the entire New Testament; the first translation – the Gospel of Matthew – was printed in 1555)
  • Completely: Jurij Dalmatin (finished in 1578, printed in 1583)
  • Portuguese

    Partly: 13th century.

    Completely: João Ferreira de Almeida (and Jacobus op den Akker), 1681 - 1753

    Spanish

    1280 ca., translation for Alphonse X of Castile

    Catalan

    1287-1290, by Jaume de Montjuïc, but only a part is preserved

    1319, first full preserved translation, for James II of Aragon

    Malay

    Old Malay language that in the end branched into Indonesian language and modern Malay language

    Partly: 1602 by Ruyl

    Completely: 1733 by Leydekker

    Wampanoag

    Partly: John Eliot, 1653

    Completely: John Eliot, 1663

    Azeri

    Partly: 1842

    Completely: 1891

    References

    List of languages by year of first Bible translation Wikipedia


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