Puneet Varma (Editor)

List of earthquakes in 1938

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Total fatalities  296
8.0−8.9  2
9.0+  0
List of earthquakes in 1938
4.0−5.9 magnitude 6.0−6.9 magnitude  7.0−7.9 magnitude 8.0+ magnitude
Strongest magnitude  Banda Sea, Indonesia (Magnitude 8.5) February 1
Deadliest  Kirsehir Province, Turkey (Magnitude 6.6) April 19 224 deaths

This is a list of earthquakes in 1938. Only magnitude 6.0 or greater earthquakes appear on the list. Lower magnitude events are included if they have caused death, injury or damage. Events which occurred in remote areas will be excluded from the list as they wouldn't have generated significant media interest. All dates are listed according to UTC time. This was once again a very busy year with 22 events reaching 7.0+. Topping the list was a huge quake which struck the Banda Sea, Indonesia in February. At a magnitude of 8.5 this was one of the largest earthquakes of all time. Despite the large size no deaths were reported. Considering the array of large events, the death toll for the year was only 296. Turkey saw the majority of the deaths due to a 6.6 magnitude event in April. November 1938 saw a series of large quakes strike off the east coast of Honshu, Japan. Also in November was a magnitude 8.3 which struck Alaska. Generally Indonesia and Japan saw most of the large 7.0+ events.

Contents

By death toll

  • Note: At least 10 casualties
  • By magnitude

  • Note: At least 7.0 magnitude
  • January

  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck the Volcano Islands, Japan on January 1 at a depth of 60.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck off the coast of Oaxaca, Mexico on January 2 at a depth of 25.0 km. Major damage was reported.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck west of New Ireland (island), Papua New Guinea on January 7 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.2 earthquake struck the Ryukyu Islands, Japan on January 10 at a depth of 60.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck off the south coast of Honshu, Japan on January 11 at a depth of 25.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Loreto Region, Peru on January 16 at a depth of 100.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck off the west coast of southern Sumatra, Indonesia on January 18 at a depth of 100.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck the Sunda Strait, Indonesia on January 22 at a depth of 150.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck just north of Maui, Hawaii on January 23 at a depth of 10.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the Scotia Sea on January 24 at a depth of 10.0 km.
  • February

  • A magnitude 8.5 earthquake struck the eastern Banda Sea, Indonesia on February 1 at a depth of 25.0 km. Despite the size and shallow depth of the quake, very little damage was caused. A tsunami was reported which resulted in the destruction of 24 homes and a further eight being damaged.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck the Mentawai Islands, Indonesia on February 2 at a depth of 120.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Quindio Department, Colombia on February 5 at a depth of 150.0 km. Two people were killed and major damage was caused.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck west of Catanduanes, Philippines on February 5 at a depth of 160.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Tochigi Prefecture, Honshu, Japan on February 7 at a depth of 100.0 km.
  • An earthquake struck off the west coast of West Papua (province), Indonesia on February 13. The magnitude and depth were unknown. Some damage was caused.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck northeast of New Zealand on February 13 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Balkan Region, Turkmenistan on February 14 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • March

  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck southeast of New Ireland (island), Papua New Guinea on March 8 at a depth of 50.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.2 earthquake struck Madhya Pradesh, India on March 14 at a depth of 50.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck southwest of Haida Gwaii, Canada on March 22 at a depth of 10.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Batanes, Philippines on March 31 at a depth of 60.0 km.
  • April

  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck the Banda Sea, Indonesia on April 4 at a depth of 420.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Vanuatu on April 9 at a depth of 100.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck Sicily, Italy on April 13 at a depth of 270.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck Sagaing Region, Burma on April 14 at a depth of 105.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck South Australia on April 17 at a depth of 35.0 km. This was a rare quake of this size for the area.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Arica y Parinacota Region, Chile on April 17 at a depth of 60.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck Kirsehir Province, Turkey on April 19 at a depth of 10.0 km. Major damage was caused and 224 people were killed.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Jujuy Province, Argentina on April 24 at a depth of 180.0 km.
  • An earthquake struck off the west coast of Nicaragua on April 25. The magnitude and depth were unknown. Some damage was caused.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck the Banda Sea, Indonesia on April 26 at a depth of 150.0 km.
  • May

  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Morelos, Mexico on May 3 at a depth of 100.0 km.
  • An earthquake struck Leon Department, Nicaragua on May 6. The magnitude and depth were unknown. Major damage was caused in the area. It appears that a volcanic eruption may have occurred at the time.
  • A magnitude 6.3 earthquake struck off the coast of Guerrero, Mexico on May 11 at a depth of 20.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea on May 12 at a depth of 35.0 km. A few homes were damaged or destroyed.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Shan State, Burma on May 14 at an unknown depth. At least 51 people died and some homes collapsed.
  • A magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck the Makassar Strait, Indonesia on May 19 at a depth of 35.0 km. Seventeen deaths were due to a tsunami, and 942 homes were destroyed, with a further 184 that were damaged.
  • A magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on May 23 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck west of Luzon, Philippines on May 23 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Hokkaido, Japan on May 28 at a depth of 35.0 km. One person was killed by a tsunami and seven homes were destroyed.
  • A magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck the Loyalty Islands on May 30 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • June

  • A magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck northern Buru, Indonesia on June 9 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck the Ryukyu Islands, Japan on June 10 at a depth of 20.0 km. Minor damage was cause by a tsunami.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Coquimbo Region, Chile on June 15 at a depth of 70.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck the Ryukyu Islands, Japan on June 16 at a depth of 20.0 km. This was further northeast from the event on June 10.
  • A magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck Chuy Region, Kyrgyzstan on June 20 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck San Juan Province, Argentina on June 23 at a depth of 70.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck Vanuatu on June 23 at a depth of 45.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Guerrero, Mexico on June 28 at a depth of 110.0 km. Some damage was reported.
  • July

  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck southeast of the Loyalty Islands on July 5 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck southeast of the Loyalty Islands on July 6 at a depth of 75.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Kilifi County, Kenya on July 21 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck off the coast of Jalisco, Mexico on July 22 at a depth of 20.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck off the east coast of Papua New Guinea on July 23 at a depth of 120.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck the Batu Islands, Indonesia on July 29 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Primorsky Krai, Russia on July 31 at a depth of 450.0 km.
  • August

  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck Jujuy Province, Argentina on August 4 at a depth of 205.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Chin State, Burma on August 16 at a depth of 75.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.1 earthquake struck southern Sumatra, Indonesia on August 18 at a depth of 65.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck south of Sumbawa, Indonesia on August 24 at a depth of 50.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck southwest of Sumatra, Indonesia on August 25 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the Samar Sea, Philippines on August 29 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck off the north coast of Papua New Guinea on August 30 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck just west of New Ireland (island), Papua New Guinea on August 31 at a depth of 25.0 km.
  • September

  • A magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck Hualien County, Taiwan on September 7 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck southwest of Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea on September 7 at a depth of 160.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Peloponnese (region), Greece on September 18 at a depth of 100.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on September 21 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck Afar Region, Ethiopia on September 27 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.3 earthquake struck off the southeast coast of New Britain, Papua New Guinea on September 27 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • October

  • A magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck the Molucca Sea, Indonesia on October 10 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.2 aftershock struck the Molucca Sea, Indonesia on October 11 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on October 12 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Hualien County, Taiwan on October 13 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck the Sea of Japan west of Hokkaido, Japan on October 17 at a depth of 250.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck Bayan-Olgii Province, Mongolia on October 19 at a depth of 10.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck northwest of Timor, Indonesia on October 20 at a depth of 90.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.2 earthquake struck Jilin Province, China on October 21 at a depth of 550.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck the Mozambique Channel on October 23 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck south of Lombok, Indonesia on October 29 at a depth of 90.0 km.
  • November

  • A magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 5 at a depth of 35.0 km. One person died and 20 homes were destroyed. A tsunami was reported. This was the start of a series of major earthquakes to hit the area over the coming weeks.
  • A magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 5 at a depth of 35.0 km. This came just over two hours after the mainshock.
  • A magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 6 at a depth of 30.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 6 at a depth of 25.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 aftershock struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 7 at a depth of 30.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 aftershock struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 7 at a depth of 30.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.8 aftershock struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 9 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 8.3 earthquake struck south of the Alaska Peninsula on November 10 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 aftershock struck south of the Alaska Peninsula on November 11 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.7 earthquake struck the Kuril Islands, Russia on November 13 at a depth of 75.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.9 aftershock struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 13 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck off the southeast coast of New Britain, Papua New Guinea on November 14 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.9 aftershock struck south of the Alaska Peninsula on November 17 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck the Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands on November 18 at a depth of 360.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Xizang Province, China on November 21 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.8 aftershock struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 22 at a depth of 25.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.8 aftershock struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on November 30 at a depth of 30.0 km.
  • December

  • A magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck southeast of Taiwan on December 6 at a depth of 15.0 km. Thirteen homes collapsed on the island.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan on December 7 at a depth of 25.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck Kodiak Island, Alaska on December 9 at a depth of 25.0 km.
  • A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Southland, New Zealand on December 16 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 aftershock struck off the west coast of South Island, New Zealand on December 16 at a depth of 15.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck Khovd Province, Mongolia on December 17 at a depth of 10.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.3 earthquake struck southwest of Sumba, Indonesia on December 21 at a depth of 25.0 km.
  • A magnitude 6.2 earthquake struck Hawke's Bay Region, New Zealand on December 30 at a depth of 35.0 km.
  • References

    List of earthquakes in 1938 Wikipedia


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