Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Fokker D.III

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Top speed  160 km/h
Length  6.3 m
Wingspan  9.05 m
Manufacturer  Fokker

The Fokker D.III (Fokker designation M.19) was a German single-seat fighter aircraft of World War I. It was the last Fokker front-line design to use wing warping for roll control as originally designed, before ailerons had been introduced to Fokker combat designs.

Contents

Fokker D.III Fokker DIII by Jerry Boucher Artwork No Scale

Design and development

Fokker D.III Fokker Diii Moritz Digital Art by Bo Monroe

The M.19 began as an effort to improve the performance of the Fokker D.II (Fokker designation M.17). The M.19 featured the Oberursel U.III 14-cylinder, two-row rotary engine, combined with the two-bay wing cellule of the Fokker D.I. The U.III engine, first used in the Fokker E.IV, required a revised fore-and-aft mount and a strengthened fuselage. The prototype M.19 arrived at Adlershof for testing on 20 July 1916. Idflieg issued a production order for 50 aircraft at that time, followed by orders for an additional 60 aircraft in August and 100 in November. The new aircraft was designated D.III by Idflieg.

Operational history

Fokker D.III Attachment browser Fokker DIII Boelcke 2jpg by brennanj2 RC Groups

The first seven production aircraft were delivered on 1 September 1916. On that date, two D.III aircraft were ferried from Armee Flug Park 1 to Jagdstaffel 2 at Bertincourt. Oswald Boelcke received serial 352/16 and obtained seven victories in it between 2 September and 15 September.

Fokker D.III Fokker Diii Jasta 15 Digital Art by Bo Monroe

While the D.III offered better performance than the D.I and D.II, Boelcke nevertheless found the D.III to be too slow. The D.III was plagued by its U.III engine, which wore out quickly and was difficult to manufacture. Low compression resulted in poor performance at altitude and cooling of the rear row of cylinders proved problematic. Moreover, the D.III offered indifferent maneuverability. On Boelcke's recommendation, the D.III was withdrawn from heavily contested sectors of the Western Front, but it continued to serve in quieter sectors.

Fokker D.III Fokker Diii Boelcke Digital Art by Bo Monroe

In early October 1916, evaluation of Fokker's M.21 prototype at Adlershof revealed poor construction and workmanship. In response, Idflieg directed that a production D.III be tested for quality control purposes. In November 1916, serial 369/16 was disassembled and tested to destruction at Adlershof. While the wings proved acceptable, the fuselage and tail surfaces failed to meet specifications. Idflieg reprimanded Fokker for his firm's substandard construction practices, but permitted D.III production to continue. The Kogenluft, however, forbade the use of Fokker aircraft for frontline duties.

Fokker D.III httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Fokker built 210 D.III aircraft at its Schwerin factory before production ceased in the spring of 1917. Late production aircraft replaced the wing-warping system with horn-balanced ailerons on the upper wing. Though unsuitable for frontline service, the D.III continued to serve in home defense units until late 1917. In October 1917, Germany supplied 10 D.IIIs to the Netherlands. These aircraft remained in service with the Luchtvaartafdeling until 1921.

Fokker D.III Fokker DIII

Boelcke's D.III, serial 352/16, survived the war to be displayed at the Zeughaus museum in Berlin. The aircraft was destroyed by an Allied bombing raid in 1943.

Operators

 German Empire
  • Luftstreitkräfte
  •  Netherlands
  • Luchtvaartafdeling
  • Specifications

    General characteristics

    Fokker D.III HR Model 172 Resin Fokker DIII
  • Crew: one pilot
  • Length: 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.05 m (29 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 2.55 m (8 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 20.0 m2 (215 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 430 kg (948 lb)
  • Gross weight: 710 kg (1,565 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Oberursel U.III, 120 kW (160 hp)
  • Performance

    Fokker D.III Fokker DIII
  • Maximum speed: 160 km/h (100 mph)
  • Range: 220 km (137 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 4,700 m (15,420 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 4.8 m/s (940 ft/min)
  • Armament

  • 2 × fixed 7.92 mm (.312 in) lMG 08 Spandau machine guns
  • References

    Fokker D.III Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Lale Aytaman
    Lisa Moore (musician)
    Gregory Crewdson
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L