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Fiat G.12

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Top speed  396 km/h
Length  20 m
First flight  October 15, 1940
Designer  Giuseppe Gabrielli
Wingspan  29 m
Introduced  1941
Manufacturer  Fiat S.p.A.
Fiat G.12 wwwaviastarorgpicturesitalyfiatg12gif

The Fiat G.12 was an Italian transport aircraft of World War II.

Contents

Design and development

Fiat G.12 Fiat G12 Wikipedia

The G.12 was an all-metal low-wing cantilever personnel transport aircraft. It had three radial engines, one mounted on the nose and the other two in wing-mounted nacelles. The engines drove three-blade feathering metal propellers. The mainwheels of its landing gear retracted into the nacelles; the tailwheel was fixed. The flight deck and cabin were fully enclosed. Access was via a portside access door aft of the wing.

Fiat G.12 Fiat G12 Wikipedia

The G.12 was designed as a civil aircraft, but served mainly in military roles during the war. Only a limited number were built, some as late as 1944, after the Italian armistice. The G.12 inspired the postwar G.212 "Flying Classroom", the last Italian three-engine transporter. It had a crew of four.

Variants

Fiat G.12 Italian Aircraft of WWII FIAT G12
G.12C
14-passenger transport aircraft, powered by three 574 kW (770 hp) Fiat A.74 R.C.42 radial engines.
G.12 Gondar
Long-range cargo transport aircraft.
G.12GA
Long-range transport aircraft, fitted with extra fuel tanks. Three built.
G.12RT
Special long-range version, built to fly between Rome and Tokyo. One built.
G.12RTbis
One built.
G.12T
Troop and cargo transport aircraft.
G.12CA
18-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three Alfa Romeo 128 radial engines.
G.12L
22-passenger commercial airliner.
G.12LA
22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three Alfa Romeo 128 radial engines.
G.12LB
22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three 604 kW (810 hp) Bristol Pegasus 48 radial engines.
G.12LP
22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three 793 kW (1,065 hp) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S1C3-G Twin Wasp radial engines.

Military operators

 Germany
  • Luftwaffe
  •  Hungary
  • Royal Hungarian Air Force operated 12 aircraft
  •  Kingdom of Italy
  • Regia Aeronautica
  •  Italy
  • Italian Air Force operated some aircraft until 1956
  • Civil operators

     Kingdom of Italy
  • Avio Linee Italiane
  •  Italy
  • Ali Flotti Riunite
  • Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane
  • Specifications

    Data from World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft

    General characteristics

    Fiat G.12 Italian Aircraft of WWII FIAT G12
  • Crew: four
  • Capacity: 14 troops or 24 civilians
  • Length: 20.10 m (65 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 28.60 m (93 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 4.90 m (16 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 113 m² (1,215 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 9,420 kg (20,725 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 15,000 kg (33,100 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Fiat A.74 R.C.42 14 cylinder air cooled radial engines, 574 kW (800 hp) each
  • Performance

  • Maximum speed: 390 km/h (242 mph) at 5,000 m (16,400 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 303 km/h (188 mph)
  • Range: 2,300 km (1,430 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 8,500 m (27,900 ft)
  • Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns
  • References

    Fiat G.12 Wikipedia


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