Head of state (monarch) – Queen Elizabeth II (consort – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh)
Governor general – Jeanne Sauvé (viceregal consort – Maurice Sauvé)
Prime minister – Brian Mulroney
Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – Helen Hunley
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Robert Gordon Rogers
Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Pearl McGonigal (until December 11) then George Johnson
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – George Stanley
Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland – William Anthony Paddon (until September 5) then James McGrath
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Alan Abraham
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – Lincoln Alexander
Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Lloyd MacPhail
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Gilles Lamontagne
Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Frederick Johnson
Premier of Alberta – Don Getty
Premier of British Columbia – Bill Bennett (until August 6) then Bill Vander Zalm
Premier of Manitoba – Howard Pawley
Premier of New Brunswick – Richard Hatfield
Premier of Newfoundland – Brian Peckford
Premier of Nova Scotia – John Buchanan
Premier of Ontario – David Peterson
Premier of Prince Edward Island – James Lee (until May 2) then Joe Ghiz
Premier of Quebec – Robert Bourassa
Premier of Saskatchewan – Grant Devine
Commissioner of Yukon – Douglas Bell (until March 27) then John Kenneth McKinnon
Commissioner of Northwest Territories – John Havelock Parker
Premier of the Northwest Territories – Nick Sibbeston
Premier of Yukon – Tony Penikett
January 22 - An investigation determines that a bomb caused the crash of Air India flight 182.
January 31 - The Canadian dollar hits an all time low of 70.2 U.S. cents on international money markets.
February 8 - Hinton train collision: 23 people are killed when a Via Rail train collides with a Canadian National Railway train near Hinton, Alberta.
May 1 - Shirley Carr becomes the first female head of the Canadian Union of Public Employees.
Joe Ghiz becomes premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing James Lee.
The 1986 World Exposition (Expo 86) in Vancouver opens.
May 8 - Alberta election: Don Getty's PCs win a fifth consecutive majority, but a smaller majority than before.
May 9 - Roger Coles resigns as leader of Yukon Liberal Party and MLA for Tatchun after being arrested and charged with selling cocaine to an undercover police officer.
May 25 - In Vancouver an attempt is made to assassinate Malkiat Singh Sidhu, a cabinet minister in the Indian state of Punjab.
June 14 - An accident involving the "Mindbender" roller coaster at West Edmonton Mall kills three people and seriously injures a fourth.
June 19 - The new Competition Act comes into force.
June 20 - Jean Drapeau resigns as mayor of Montreal.
August 5 - Canada adopts sanctions against South Africa for its apartheid policies
August 6 - Bill Vander Zalm becomes premier of British Columbia, replacing Bill Bennett
August 11 - Tamil refugees are found drifting off the coast of Newfoundland
September 16 - Elizabeth II augments the Coat of Arms of Saskatchewan with a crest and supporters
September 30 - MPs elect the Speaker by secret ballot for the first time.
October 6 - Canada receives a United Nations award for sheltering refugees
October 20 - Saskatchewan election: Grant Devine's PCs win a second consecutive majority
November 13 - The announcement that the film producer Claude Jutra was reported missing for over one week. He had started to suffer the first symptoms of the Alzheimer's disease.
December 8 - The University of Toronto's John C. Polanyi shares the Nobel Prize for chemistry for the development of the chemical laser.
Negotiators begin work on what would eventually be the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement
The birds series of Canadian banknotes is released
Supreme Court rules on the RWDSU v. Dolphin Delivery Ltd. case
Conrad Black buys The Daily Telegraph
Dinosaur fossils are found near Parrsboro, Nova Scotia
Margaret Atwood - Freeforall
W.P. Kinsella - The Fence Post Chronicles
Robert Munsch - Love You Forever
Alice Munro - The Progress of Love
Antonine Maillet - Garrochés en paradis
Hugh Hood - The Motor Boys in Ottawa
William Gibson - Count Zero
See 1986 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
Books in Canada First Novel Award: Wayne Johnston, The Story of Bobby O'Mally
Gerald Lampert Award: Joan Fern Shaw, Raspberry Vinegar
Marian Engel Award: Alice Munro
Pat Lowther Award: Erin Mouré, Domestic Fuel
Stephen Leacock Award: Joey Slinger, No Axe too Small to Grind
Vicky Metcalf Award: Dennis Lee
Leonard Cohen - First We Take Manhattan
Neil Young - Landing on Water
James Cameron's Aliens is released
David Cronenberg's The Fly
Denys Arcand's The Decline of the American Empire
March 15 - In an international women's field hockey match at Wembley Stadium (England) Canada beats England 3 – 1.
May 24 - In Calgary, the Montreal Canadiens win the Stanley Cup against the Calgary Flames.
The Canadian Amateur Football Association is renamed Football Canada.
Canada participates in the FIFA World Cup for the first, and to date only, time.
January 8 – Jaclyn Linetsky, actress (d.2003)
January 20 – Krystina Alogbo, water polo player
February 13 – Matthew Hawes, swimmer
February 19 – Jayde Nicole, model
April 4 – Cam Barker, ice hockey defenceman
April 8 - Jevohn Shepherd, basketball player
April 21 – Kevin Graham, water polo player
April 28 – Brandon Jung, water polo player
May 12 – Emily VanCamp, actress
May 31 – Melissa McIntyre, actress
June 5 – Amanda Crew, actress
June 18 – Meaghan Rath, actress
August 19 – Marie-Christine Schmidt, canoeist
August 29 – Lauren Collins, actress
September 19 – Carrie Finlay, voice actor
November 4 – Alexz Johnson, singer-songwriter, actress, and philanthropist
December 12 – Marie-Pier Beaudet, archer
December 16 – Scott Tupper, field hockey player
January 4 - Wilbur R. Franks, scientist and inventor (b.1901)
January 26 - Norman MacKenzie, author, lawyer, professor and Senator (b.1894)
February 23 - Louis-Philippe Pigeon, judge of the Supreme Court of Canada (b.1905)
February 24 - Tommy Douglas, politician and Premier of Saskatchewan (b.1904)
February 27 - Jacques Plante, ice hockey player (b.1929)
March 4 - Richard Manuel, composer, singer and multi-instrumentalist (b.1943)
March 4 - Elizabeth Smart, poet and novelist (b.1913)
July 25 - Alison Parrott, murder victim (b.1974)
August 20 - Milton Acorn, poet, writer and playwright (b.1923)
November 5 - Claude Jutra, actor, film director and writer (b.1930)
November 10 - King Clancy, ice hockey player (b.1903)
November 19 - Don Jamieson, politician, diplomat and broadcaster (b.1921)
December 31 - Donald Fleming, politician, International Monetary Fund official and lawyer (b.1905)
1986 in Canada Wikipedia
Events from the year 1986 in Canada.