1970s|Chairman of the Communist Party of China: Mao Zedong
President of the People's Republic of China: Mao Zedong
Premier of the People's Republic of China: Zhou Enlai
Chairman of the National People's Congress: Liu Shaoqi
Vice President of the People's Republic of China: Zhu De
End of the Hundred Flowers Campaign
Start of the Anti-Rightist Movement
Establishment of the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology
Continuing Kuomintang Islamic insurgency in China
January 1 - Opening of Hangzhou Jianqiao Airport, in Jianggan District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, to civil flights.
October 15 - Opening of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, in Wuhan, Hubei
Gaoming Prison, in Gaoming District, Foshan City, Guangdong
Henan Experimental Middle School, in Jinshui District, Zhengzhou, Henan
Lujiang Prison, in Chaohu City, Anhui
1957 in China Wikipedia
Events in the year 1957 in China. The country had an estimated population of 635 million people.