High Commissioner - Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope until 1 March; Sir Harold MacMichael
Emir of Transjordan - Abdullah I bin al-Hussein
Prime Minister of Transjordan - Ibrahim Hashem until 28 September; Tawfik Abu al-Huda
4 January - The British government appoints the Woodhead Commission to explore the practicalities of the partition of Palestine.
10 January - James Leslie Starkey, a noted British archaeologist of the ancient Near East and Palestine who leads the first excavations in Tel Lachish, is killed by a gang of armed Arabs near Bayt Jibrin on a track leading from Bayt Jibrin to Hebron.
23 February - The Port of Tel Aviv officially opens, as a competing (Jewish) port to the port in Jaffa, the latter having been crippled by the Arab revolt and general strike since 1936.
1 March – Sir Harold MacMichael assumes office as the High Commissioner of Palestine.
21 March - The founding of the kibbutz Hanita
13 April - The founding of the moshav Shavei Tzion as part of the tower and stockade settlement scheme.
26 June - The founding of the kibbutz Alonim
29 June - Shlomo Ben Yussef executed for ambushing an Arab bus near Safad.
6 July - 18 Arabs and 5 Jews were killed by two simultaneous bombs in the Arab melon market in Haifa, 79 people were wounded.
16 July - 10 Arabs were killed and 29 wounded by a bomb at a marketplace in Jerusalem.
17 July - The founding of the kibbutz Ma'ale HaHamisha
25 July - The founding of the kibbutz Tel Yitzhak
25 July - 39 Arabs were killed and over 60 wounded by a second bomb in the Haifa vegetable market.
17 August - The founding of the moshav Beit Yehoshua
25 August - The founding of the kibbutz Ein HaMifratz
26 August - 24 Arabs were killed and 39 wounded by a bomb in the Jaffa vegetable market.
30 August - The founding of the kibbutz Ma'ayan Tzvi
2 October - 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine: In the 1938 Tiberias massacre, Arab rioters kill 19 Jews in the city of Tiberias, eleven of whom are children. During the massacre, 70 armed Arabs set fire to Jewish homes and the local synagogue.
12 October - The British Government announces sending a further four battalions to Palestine.
18 October - British army troops regain control of the old city of Jerusalem, which is occupied by Arab extremists in early October.
9 November - A technical British committee, known as the Woodhead Commission, rejected the Peel Commission partition plan mostly on the grounds that it could not be achieved without a large forced transfer of Arabs. It proposed "a modification of partition which, ...seems, subject to certain reservations, to form a satisfactory basis of settlement", if the U.K is prepared to provide a "sufficient assistance to enable the Arab State to balance its budget".
16 November - The founding of the moshav Sharona
17 November - The founding of the moshav Geulim
24 November - The founding of the kibbutz Eilon
25 November - The founding of the kibbutz Neve Eitan
25 November - The founding of the kibbutz Kfar Ruppin
29 November - The founding of the kibbutz Kfar Masaryk
22 December - The founding of the kibbutz Mesilot
The founding of the moshav Sde Warburg
The founding of the moshav Ramat Hadar
14 July - Moshe Safdie, Israeli-American architect and urban designer
29 October - Ralph Bakshi, Israeli-American director of animated and live-action films
Full date unknown
Salman Abu-Sitta, Palestinian Arab researcher
Naji al-Ali, Palestinian Arab cartoonist (died 1987)
Ahmed Jibril, Palestinian Arab, founder and leader of the militant group PFLP-GC
Abu Ali Mustafa, Palestinian Arab, member of the PLO executive (died 2001)
1938 in Mandatory Palestine Wikipedia
Events in the year 1938 in the British Mandate of Palestine.