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1885 in architecture

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1885 in architecture

The year 1885 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

Contents

Events

  • May - The original wooden structures of Hobson Block, West Union, Iowa, USA, are destroyed by fire, leading to construction of the present building.
  • W. D. Caröe is appointed architect to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England.
  • Construction of the Altare della Patria (Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II) in Rome, designed by Giuseppe Sacconi, begins; it will not be completed until 1925.
  • Buildings opened

  • July 13 - New building for the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, designed by Pierre Cuypers.
  • November 30 - London Pavilion variety theatre, designed by Robert Worley and James Ebenezer Saunders.
  • December 27 - Church of St. Peter, Leipzig, designed by August Hartel and Constantin Lipsius.
  • Castle Hotel, Conwy, Wales.
  • Church of Saint Anthony of Padua, Busovača, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  • Vestermarie Church, Bornholm, Denmark.
  • Metropole Hotel, London, designed by Francis Fowler and James Ebenezer Saunders.
  • Buildings completed

  • Autumn - The Home Insurance Building in Chicago, Illinois, designed by William Le Baron Jenney. With ten floors and a fireproof weight-bearing metal frame, it is regarded as the first skyscraper.
  • Holloway Sanatorium near Virginia Water in England, designed by William Henry Crossland.
  • Sway Tower in Hampshire, England, designed by Andrew Peterson using concrete made with Portland cement. It remains the world's tallest non-reinforced concrete structure.
  • House for Kate Greenaway, Frognal, London, designed by Richard Norman Shaw.
  • Rebuilt Framingham Railroad Station in Framingham, Massachusetts, designed by H. H. Richardson.
  • Awards

  • Royal Gold Medal - Heinrich Schliemann.
  • Grand Prix de Rome, architecture: François Paul André.
  • Births

  • February 23 - Yoshikazu Uchida, Japanese architect and structural engineer (died 1972)
  • July 13 - Adolf Behne, German art historian, architectural writer and leader of the Avant Garde movement (died 1948)
  • July 15 - Josef Frank, Austrian-born architect and designer (died 1967)
  • August 13 - Charles Howard Crane, US architect (died 1952)
  • August 30 - Paul Gösch, German Expressionist artist, architect, lithographer and designer (died 1940)
  • September 22 - Gunnar Asplund, Swedish "Nordic Classicist" architect (died 1940)
  • December 5 - Ernest Cormier, Canadian engineer and architect (died 1980)
  • December 17 - Wells Coates, Canadian architect, designer and writer (died 1958)
  • December 28 - Vladimir Tatlin, Russian painter and architect (died 1953)
  • Deaths

  • February 1 - Henri Dupuy de Lôme, French naval architect (born 1816)
  • March 9 - Matthew Ellison Hadfield, English Victorian Gothic architect (born 1812)
  • May 22 - Théodore Ballu, French architect of public buildings (born 1817)
  • May 28 - Horace King, US architect, engineer, and bridge builder.
  • June 14 - William Tinsley, US-based Irish architect (born 1804)
  • August 1 - Thomas Leverton Donaldson, British architect, co-founder and President of the Royal Institute of British Architects
  • August 24 - Eduard Riedel, German architect and Bavarian government building officer (born 1813)
  • September 2 - Giuseppe Bonavia, Maltese architect (born 1821)
  • November 16 - Frederick Ernst Ruffini, US architect (born 1851)
  • References

    1885 in architecture Wikipedia


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