|Covid-19|Head of state (monarch) – Queen Victoria (consort – Vacant)
Governor general – John Campbell (viceregal consort – Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll)
Prime minister – John A. Macdonald
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Clement Francis Cornwall
Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Joseph Édouard Cauchon (until September 29) then James Cox Aikins
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Robert Duncan Wilmot
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Adams George Archibald
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – John Beverley Robinson
Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Thomas Heath Haviland
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Théodore Robitaille
Premier of British Columbia – George Anthony Walkem (until June 13) then Robert Beaven
Premier of Manitoba – John Norquay
Premier of New Brunswick – John James Fraser (until May 25) then Daniel Lionel Hanington
Premier of Nova Scotia – Simon Hugh Holmes (until May 23) then John Sparrow David Thompson (May 25 to July 18) then William Thomas Pipes (from August 3)
Premier of Ontario – Oliver Mowat
Premier of Prince Edward Island – William Wilfred Sullivan
Premier of Quebec – Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau (until July 31) then Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
Lieutenant Governor of Keewatin – Joseph Édouard Cauchon (until September 29) then James Cox Aikins
Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories - Edgar Dewdney
May 8 - Prince Edward Island election: William Wilfred Sullivan's Conservatives win a fourth consecutive majority
May 17 - Provisional districts of the North-West Territories are established between Manitoba and British Columbia: the districts of Assiniboia, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Athabaska
May 25 - John Sparrow David Thompson becomes premier of Nova Scotia, replacing Simon H. Holmes.
June - New Brunswick election
Federal election: Sir John A. Macdonald's Conservatives win a second consecutive majority.
Nova Scotia election
June 13 - Robert Beaven becomes premier of British Columbia, replacing George Walkem.
July 20 - British Columbia election
July 31 - Joseph-Alfred Mousseau becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau.
August 3 - William T. Pipes becomes premier of Nova Scotia, replacing John Sparrow David Thompson.
December 30 - The Royal Society of Canada is founded.
Daniel Hanington becomes premier of New Brunswick, replacing James Fraser.
John Ware, a Texas cowboy, moves to Alberta. He introduces longhorn cattle into Canada and pioneers the development of rodeo.
The North-West Mounted Police (which later became the Royal Canadian Mounted Police) established a post in 1882 in Regina, Saskatchewan. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (R.C.M.P.) have since established their main training academy there, which is called "Depot", or Depot Division.
The North Bay Police Service is founded.
October 21 - The Canadian Rugby Football Union is founded.
January 8 - David Milne, painter, printmaker and writer (d.1953)
February 1 - Louis St. Laurent, politician and 12th Prime Minister of Canada (d.1973)
February 2 - Geoffrey O'Hara, composer, singer and music professor (d.1967)
February 4 - E. J. Pratt, poet (d.1964)
February 11 - John Queen, politician (d.1946)
March 6 - Barbara Hanley, first woman to be elected a mayor in Canada (d.1959)
May 26 - Charles Edward Bothwell, politician and barrister (d.1967)
June 9 - Robert Kerr, sprinter and Olympic gold medalist (d.1963)
July 19 - Sarah Ramsland, politician and first woman elected to the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan (d.1964)
October 3 - A. Y. Jackson, painter, one of the Group of Seven (d.1974)
December 18 - Albert James Bradshaw, politician (d.1956)
December 25 - John Stewart McDiarmid, politician and Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba (d.1965)
February 1 - Maurice Laframboise, lawyer, judge and politician (b.1821)
March 25 - Charles-René-Léonidas d'Irumberry de Salaberry, militia officer (b.1820)
August 7 - Antoine Gérin-Lajoie, poet and novelist (b.1824)
September 15 - Jacques Philippe Lantier, businessman, author and politician (b.1814)
December 9 - Hugh Allan, businessman (b.1810)
1882 in Canada Wikipedia
Events from the year 1882 in Canada.