|Covid-19|President: Rutherford B. Hayes (R-Ohio)
Vice President: William A. Wheeler (R-New York)
Chief Justice: Morrison Waite (Ohio)
Speaker of the House of Representatives: Samuel J. Randall (D-Pennsylvania)
Congress: 45th (until March 4), 46th (starting March 4)
January – The current constitution of The State of California, USA is ratified.
January 1 – The Specie Resumption Act takes effect. The Greenback is valued the same as gold for the first time since the American Civil War.
February 12 – At New York City's Madison Square Garden, the first artificial ice rink in North America opens.
February 15 – Women's rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
February 22 – In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent Woolworth stores.
March 3 – The United States Geological Survey is created.
May 30 – New York City's Gilmore's Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt, and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
July 19 – Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up Holliday's New Mexico saloon.
September 25 – Deadwood, South Dakota fire: Two-thousand people left homeless. Three hundred buildings destroyed. Total loss of property is estimated at $3 million.
September 29 – Meeker Massacre: Nathan Meeker and others are killed in an uprising at the White River Ute Indian Reservation in Colorado.
October 22 – Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric light bulb (it lasts 13½ hours before burning out).
December 31 – Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
Simmons College of Kentucky, a historically black school, is founded.
The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) is formed.
Mary Baker Eddy founds the Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston.
Henry George publishes Progress and Poverty.
Laton Alton Huffman takes the photograph of Native American woman Pretty Nose.
Gilded Age (1869–c. 1896)
Depression of 1873–79 (1873–1879)
January 3 – Grace Coolidge, wife of Calvin Coolidge, First Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States (died 1957)
February 3 – Guy Gillette, United States Senator from Iowa from 1936 until 1945. (died 1973)
February 12 – George McGill, United States Senator from Kansas from 1930 util 1939. (died 1963)
May 3 – Clyde L. Herring, United States Senator from Iowa from 1937 util 1943. (died 1945)
August 2 – James M. Tunnell, United States Senator from Delaware from 1941 until 1947. (died 1957)
August 27 – Otis F. Glenn, United States Senator from Illinois from 1928 until 1933. (died 1959)
November 28 – Guy V. Howard, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1936 until 1937. (died 1954)
December 15 – Bert H. Miller, United States Senator from Idaho in 1949. (died 1949)
December 26 – Christie Benet, United States Senator from South Carolina in 1918. (died 1951)
March 2 – Wade Keyes, Acting Confederate States Attorney General in 1861 and 1863-1864 (born 1821)
March 16 – George Goldthwaite, United States Senator from Alabama from 1871 till 1877. (born 1809)
April 12 – Richard Taylor, Confederate general (born 1826)
June 1 – James Shields, United States Senator from Illinois from 1849 till 1855, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1858 till 1859 and United States Senator from Missouri in 1879. (born 1810)
June 26 – Richard H. Anderson, United States Army officer during the Mexican-American War, Confederate general during the American Civil War (born 1821)
July 11 – William Allen, United States Senator from Ohio from 1837 till 1849. (born 1803)
July 26 – Robert Ward Johnson, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1862 till 1865. (born 1814)
August 30 – John Bell Hood, Confederate general (born 1831)
September 30 – Francis Gillette, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1854 till 1855. (born 1807)
November 1 – Zachariah Chandler, United States Senator from Michigan from 1857 till 1875 and in 1879. (born 1813)
October 31 – Joseph Hooker, General in the Union Army during American Civil War (born 1814)
December 31 – George S. Houston, Governor of Alabama from 1874 till 1878 and United States Senator from Alabama in 1879. (born 1811)
1879 in the United States Wikipedia
Events from the year 1879 in the United States.