Artist and photographer William Henry Jackson participates in the Hayden Survey of the Western United States, producing maps of Chaco Canyon, but no photographs due to technical problems.
French diplomat and archaeologist Ernest de Sarzec begins excavation at Girsu in Mesopotamia (which he believes to be Lagash).
City architect Charles Edward Davis begins extended excavation and reconstruction at the Roman Baths (Bath) in England.
George Smith excavates Later Stone Age tools in caves near Smithfield, Free State.
May 8 - Hermes and the Infant Dionysus (attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles) first uncovered at Olympia by German archaeologist Ernst Curtius.
Canon William Greenwell - British Barrows: a record of the examination of sepulchral mounds in various parts of England; together with description of figures of skulls, general remarks on prehistoric crania, and an appendix by George Rolleston.
John Postlethwaite - Mines and Mining in the Lake District.
Ephraim G. Squier - Peru: Incidents of Travel and Exploration in the Land of the Incas.
June 16 - Karel Absolon, Czech archaeologist
July 29 - Edward Thurlow Leeds, English archaeologist of the Anglo-Saxons
October 17 - Johann Carl Fuhlrott, discoverer of Neanderthal Man
1877 in archaeology Wikipedia
The year 1877 in archaeology involved some significant events.