Head of state (monarch) – Queen Victoria (consort – Vacant)
Governor general – Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood (viceregal consort – Hariot Georgina Rowan-Hamilton)
Prime minister – Alexander Mackenzie
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Albert Norton Richards
Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Alexander Morris (until October 8) then Joseph Édouard Cauchon
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Samuel Leonard Tilley
Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories – David Laird
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Adams George Archibald
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – Donald Alexander Macdonald
Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Robert Hodgson
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Luc Letellier de St-Just
Premier of British Columbia – Andrew Charles Elliott
Premier of Manitoba – Robert Atkinson Davis
Premier of New Brunswick – George Edwin King
Premier of Nova Scotia – Philip Carteret Hill
Premier of Ontario – Oliver Mowat
Premier of Prince Edward Island – Louis Henry Davies
Premier of Quebec – Charles Boucher de Boucherville
Lieutenant Governor of Keewatin – Alexander Morris (until October 8) then Joseph Édouard Cauchon
Lieutenant Governor of the Northwest Territories - David Laird
February 28 - University of Manitoba founded.
June 20 - The Great Fire of Saint John, New Brunswick had destroyed over 80 hectares (200 acres) and 1,612 structures including eight churches, six banks, fourteen hotels, eleven schooners and four wood boats.
September 22 - Treaty 7 signed.
Charles Alphonse Pantaléon Pelletier appointed Minister of Agriculture and called to the Senate of Canada
Manzo Nagano was the first official Japanese immigrant into Canada
Nez Perce War. Blackfoot tribes cedes land to the Dominion of Canada.
Refugee Lakota enter Canada near the end of the Great Sioux War
Sir Wilfrid Laurier is appointed Canadian Minister of Inland Revenue
The provincial legislature creates the University of Manitoba, the oldest University in western Canada.
January 5 - Edgar Nelson Rhodes, politician, Minister and Premier of Nova Scotia (died 1942)
May 23 - Fred Wellington Bowen, politician (died 1949)
July 23 - Aimé Boucher, politician and notary (died 1946)
August 5 - Tom Thomson, artist (died 1917)
August 29 - George Arthur Brethen, politician (died 1968)
November 19 - John Alexander Macdonald Armstrong, politician (died 1926)
December 15 - John Thomas Haig, politician (died 1962)
December 18 - James Allison Glen, politician, Minister and Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons (died 1950)
December 26 - Aldéric-Joseph Benoit, politician
January 2 - Jonathan McCully, politician (born 1809)
May 4 - Charles Wilson, politician (born 1808)
July 12 - Amand Landry, farmer and politician (born 1805)
November 3 - William Henry Draper, politician, lawyer, and judge (born 1801)
November 7 - Joseph-Octave Beaubien, physician and politician (born 1825)
November 8 - John Cook, politician Ontarian (born 1791)
1877 in Canada Wikipedia
Events from the year 1877 in Canada.