|Covid-19|President: Ulysses S. Grant (R-Ohio)
Vice President: Henry Wilson (R-Massachusetts)
Chief Justice: Morrison Waite (Ohio) (starting March 4)
Speaker of the House of Representatives: James G. Blaine (R-Maine)
January 1 – New York City annexes The Bronx.
February 21 – The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first newspaper.
March 18 – Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
March – The Young Men's Hebrew Association in Manhattan (which still operates today as the 92nd Street Y) is founded.
May 20 – Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive a U.S. patent for blue jeans with copper rivets. The price is $13.50 per dozen.
Philadelphia Zoo opens, the first public zoo in the U.S.
Four-year-old Charley Ross, America's first major kidnapping for Ransom victim is taken from his home in Philadelphia.
Sholes and Glidden typewriter, with cylindrical platen and QWERTY keyboard, first marketed.
November 4 – Democrats regain the U.S. House of Representatives for the first time since 1860.
November 7 – Harper's Weekly publishes a political cartoon by Thomas Nast considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the Republican Party. .
November 11 – The Gamma Phi Beta sorority is founded at Syracuse University. This is the first women's Greek letter organization to be called a sorority.
November 25 – The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party, made primarily of farmers financially hurt by the Panic of 1873.
The San Diego Natural History Museum is founded.
Reconstruction era (1865–1877)
Gilded Age (1869–c. 1896)
Depression of 1873–79 (1873–1879)
January 4 – John W. Thomas, United States Senator from Idaho from 1928 till 1933 and from 1940 till 1945. Died in 1945.
January 7 – M. M. Logan, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1931 till 1939. (died 1939)
April 16 – Frederick Van Nuys, United States Senator from Indiana from 1933 to 1944. Died in 1944.
March 5 – Daniel O. Hastings, United States Senator from Delaware from 1928 till 1937. Died in 1966.
March 26 – Robert Frost, poet (died 1963)
March 29 – Lou Henry Hoover, wife of Herbert Hoover, First Lady of the United States (died 1944)
May 20 – Augustine Lonergan, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1933 till 1939. Died in 1947.
July 1 – Edward P. Costigan, United States Senator from Colorado from 1931 till 1937. Died in 1939.
August 10 – Herbert Hoover, 31st President of the United States from 1929 till 1933. Died in 1964.
September 13 – Henry F. Ashurst, United States Senator from Arizona from 1912 till 1941. Died in 1962.
December 4 – Edwin S. Broussard, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1921 till 1933. Died in 1934.
January 7 - John Burton Thompson, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1853 till 1859. (born 1810)
January 17 - Chang and Eng Bunker, Thai-American conjoined twin brothers (born 1811)
March 8 – Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the U.S. from 1850 to 1853 (born 1800)
June 08 - Cochise, One of the greatest leaders of the Apache Indians dies on the Chiricahua reservation in southeastern Arizona.
October 6 – Samuel M. Kier, industrialist (born 1813)
November 20 - Jackson Morton, United States Senator from Florida from 1849 till 1855. (born 1794)
Full Date Unknown - Paul Jennings, slave of James Madison, writer (born 1799)
1874 in the United States Wikipedia
Events from the year 1874 in the United States.