|Covid-19|February–March – A memorial exhibition of drawings and watercolors by Viktor Hartmann is held at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg and inspires his friend Modest Mussorgsky to compose the piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition.
April 15–May 15 – First exhibition by the Société Anonyme Coopérative des Artistes Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs is held in a private studio (belonging to Nadar) outside the official Paris Salon; on April 25, Louis Leroy reviewing the exhibition in the French satirical newspaper Le Charivari under the heading "L'Exposition des impressionistes", coins the term "Impressionism" to describe the movement, with particular reference to Claude Monet's Impression, Sunrise (1872), first exhibited here and in May sold to the businessman and collector Ernest Hoschedé.
Summer – Monet visits Amsterdam.
August 22 – English illustrator Helen Paterson marries Irish poet and editor William Allingham and becomes a watercolourist under her married name.
c. December 19 – Monet begins painting his Snow at Argenteuil series.
December 22 – Berthe Morisot, who has exhibited at the first Impressionist exhibition, marries Eugène, brother of Édouard Manet, at Passy.
Goya's Black Paintings are transferred to canvas.
Peter Nicolai Arbo
Thomas Jones Barker – Balaklava – One of the Six Hundred
Caroline Shawk Brooks – Dreaming Iolanthe (butter sculpture; first version)
Ford Madox Brown – Cromwell on his Farm
Edward Burne-Jones – The Beguiling of Merlin
Louis Buvelot – Macedon Ranges
Edgar Degas – The Dancing Lesson
Pere Borrell del Caso – Escaping Criticism
Thomas Eakins – Portrait of Professor Benjamin H. Rand
Henri Fantin-Latour – Still Life with Pansies (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Luke Fildes – Applicants for Admission to a Casual Ward
Emmanuel Frémiet – Joan of Arc (formerly in the Place des Pyramides, Paris)
Walter Greaves – Old Battersea Bridge
Armand Guillaumin – La Seine (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Winslow Homer – Farmer with a Pitch Fork
Vilhelm Kyhn – Sildig Sommeraften ved Himmelbjærget ("Late Summer Evening near Himmelbjerget")
Édouard Manet – Boating (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Antonin Mercié – Gloria Victis (sculpture)
Claude Monet – The Railway Bridge at Argenteuil
Albert Joseph Moore – Shells
Thomas Moran – Chasm of the Colorado
Berthe Morisot – The Butterfly Hunt
John Pettie – Jacobites
Camille Pissarro – Portrait of Cézanne
Illarion Pryanishnikov – Episode in the War of 1812
Pierre-Auguste Renoir – La Loge, La Parisienne
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
The Damsel of the Sanct Grael or Holy Grail
Proserpine (Tate Britain)
Alfred Sisley – Misty Morning
James Tissot – On the Thames (approximate date)
March 9 – John Duncan Fergusson, Scottish Colourist painter (died 1961)
March 23 – Henri Manguin, French Fauvist painter (died 1949)
April 7 – Frederick Carl Frieseke, American-born painter (died 1939)
May 11 – Einar Jónsson, Icelandic sculptor (died 1954)
July 28 – Joaquín Torres García, Uruguayan painter (died 1949)
October 16 – Otto Mueller, Silesian painter (died 1930)
October 21 – Charles R. Knight, American animal painter (died 1953)
November 9 – Julio Romero de Torres, Andalusian painter of female nudes (died 1930)
date unknown – Arnold Friedman, American modernist painter (died 1946)
January 29 – John Christian Schetky, Scottish-born marine painter (born 1778)
April 19 – Owen Jones, British architect, interior designer and pioneer of chromolithography (born 1809)
April 20 – Alexander Hunter Murray, fur trader in Canada and artist (born 1818/1819)
May 5 – Marc-Charles-Gabriel Gleyre, Swiss painter in France (born 1806)
June 14 – Julien-Léopold Boilly, French draughtsman and watercolorist (born 1796)
July 25 – Edward Troye, Swiss-born American equine painter (born 1808)
November 21 – Marià Fortuny, Catalan painter in Italy (born 1838)
December 6 – Gustaf Wappers, Flemish painter in France (born 1803)
October 28 – William Henry Rinehart, American sculptor in Italy (born 1825)
date unknown – Henry Bryan Ziegler, British landscape and portrait painter (born 1798)
1874 in art Wikipedia
Events from the year 1874 in art.