Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1871 in Canada

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1871 in Canada

Events from the year 1871 in Canada.

Contents

Crown

  • Head of state (monarch) – Queen Victoria (consort – Vacant)
  • Federal government

  • Governor general – John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar (viceregal consort – Adelaide Dalton)
  • Prime minister – John A. Macdonald
  • Lieutenant governors

  • Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Joseph Trutch (from July 5)
  • Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Adams George Archibald
  • Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Lemuel Allan Wilmot
  • Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Charles Hastings Doyle
  • Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – William Pearce Howland
  • Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau
  • Premiers

  • Premier of British Columbia – John Foster McCreight (from November 14)
  • Premier of Manitoba – Alfred Boyd (until December 14) then Marc-Amable Girard
  • Premier of New Brunswick – George Edwin King (until February 21) then George Luther Hathaway
  • Premier of Nova Scotia – William Annand
  • Premier of Ontario – John Sandfield Macdonald (until December 20) then Edward Blake
  • Premier of Quebec – Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
  • Lieutenant governors

  • Lieutenant Governor of the Northwest Territories - Adams George Archibald
  • January to June

  • March 10 - Government of Manitoba meets for the first time
  • March 21 - The 1871 Ontario election: Edward Blake's Liberals win a majority, defeating J. S. Macdonald's Liberal-Conservatives
  • April 2 - The first Canadian census finds the population to be 3,689,257
  • May 8 - The Treaty of Washington reaches agreements on fishing rights and Great Lakes trade between Canada and the United States
  • May 16 - The 1871 Nova Scotia election: William Annand's Liberals win a second consecutive majority
  • May 17 - New Brunswick abandons separate schools.
  • July to December

  • July 15 - Phoebe Campbell murders her husband with an axe. She is hanged the next year.
  • July 20
  • British Columbia joins Confederation.
  • The 1871 British Columbia election
  • July 25 - Treaty 1 the first of a number of treaties with western Canada's First Nations is signed
  • August 17 - Treaty 2 is signed
  • November 11 - The last of the British army leaves Canada
  • November 13 - John McCreight becomes the first premier of British Columbia
  • December 14 - Marc-Amable Girard becomes the first franco-manitoban of premier of Manitoba, replacing Alfred Boyd
  • December 20 - Edward Blake becomes premier of Ontario, replacing J. S. Macdonald.
  • Full date unknown

  • National Meteorological Service is formed
  • Parliament legalizes the use of the metric system
  • Goldwin Smith immigrates to Canada
  • Ontario Schools Act is passed in Ontario, requiring all students aged 7 to 12 to attend school.
  • The 1871 Quebec election : Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau's Conservatives win a second consecutive majority
  • Births

  • January 30 - Wilfred Lucas, actor, film director and screenwriter (d.1940)
  • May 14 - Walter Stanley Monroe, businessman, politician and Prime Minister of Newfoundland (d.1952)
  • July 16 - George Stewart Henry, politician and 10th Premier of Ontario (d.1958)
  • July 25 - Richard Ernest William Turner, soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross (d.1961)
  • August 4 - Robert Hamilton Butts, politician (d.1943)
  • September 8 - Samuel McLaughlin, businessman and philanthropist (d.1972)
  • September 9 - Hugh Robson, politician and judge
  • October 31 - Alexander Stirling MacMillan, businessman, politician and Premier of Nova Scotia (d.1955)
  • December 2 - Stanislas Blanchard, politician (d.1949)
  • December 13 - Emily Carr, artist and writer (d.1945)
  • Deaths

  • January 29 - Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, lawyer, writer, fifth and last seigneur of Saint-Jean-Port-Joli (L’Islet County) (b.1786)
  • January 31 - John Ross, lawyer, politician, and businessman. (b. 1818)
  • February 20 - Paul Kane, artist (b.1810)
  • March 11 - John Heckman, political figure (b.1785)
  • July 28 - Modeste Demers, missionary (b.1809)
  • September 23 - Louis-Joseph Papineau, lawyer, politician and reformist (b.1786)
  • November 18 - Enos Collins, seaman, merchant, financier, and legislator (b.1774)
  • References

    1871 in Canada Wikipedia


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