|Covid-19|President: Andrew Johnson (D-Tennessee) (until March 4), Ulysses S. Grant (R-Ohio) (starting March 4)
Vice President: vacant (until March 4), Schuyler Colfax (R-Indiana) (starting March 4)
Chief Justice: Salmon P. Chase (Ohio)
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
until March 3: Schuyler Colfax (R-Indiana)
March 3–March 4: Theodore Medad Pomeroy (R-New York)
starting March 4: James G. Blaine (R-Maine)
Congress: 40th (until March 4), 41st (starting March 4)
January 1 – Sigma Nu, the first anti-hazing honor/social fraternity, is founded, at Virginia Military Institute.
January 20 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton is the first woman to testify before the United States Congress.
January 21 – The P.E.O. Sisterhood, a philanthropic educational organization for women, is founded at Iowa Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant, Iowa.
March 4 – Ulysses S. Grant succeeds Andrew Johnson as the 18th President of the United States of America.
April 6 – The American Museum of Natural History is founded in New York City.
May 6 – Purdue University is founded in West Lafayette, Indiana.
May 10 – The "golden spike" is driven marking the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in Promontory, Utah.
May 15 – Woman's suffrage: In New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association.
May 26 – Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
June 1 – The Cincinnati Red Stockings open the baseball season as the first fully professional baseball team.
June 15 – John Wesley Hyatt patents the first plastic, Celluloid, in Albany, New York.
September 24 – Black Friday: The Fisk-Gould Scandal causes a financial panic in the United States.
November 6 – The first intercollegiate game of American football is played: Rutgers University defeats Princeton University 6–4 in a college football game.
December 7 – Outlaw Jesse James commits his first confirmed bank robbery, in Gallatin, Missouri.
The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
The Wyoming territorial legislature gives women the right to vote, one of the first such laws in the world.
Heinz H.J. Heinz Company is founded as Heinz Noble & Company in Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania.
James Gordon Bennett, Jr. of the New York Herald asks Henry Morton Stanley to find Dr. Livingstone.
Southern Illinois University, Carbondale is founded.
Marcus Jastrow arrives in the United States to become rabbi of Congregation Rodeph Shalom in Philadelphia.
Reconstruction era (1865–1877)
Gilded Age (1869–c. 1896)
February 2 – Smith W. Brookhart, U.S. Senator from Iowa from 1922 to 1926 (died 1944)
February 19 – Frederic C. Walcott, U.S. Senator from Connecticut from 1929 to 1935 (died 1949)
April 2 – Hughie Jennings, baseball player (died 1928)
April 4 – Mary Colter, architect (died 1958)
April 8 – Harvey Cushing, neurosurgeon (died 1939)
April 9 – James Thomas Heflin, U.S. Senator from Alabama from 1920 to 1931 (died 1951)
May 3 – Warren Terhune, U.S. Navy Commander and 13th Governor of American Samoa (died 1920)
June 10 – William Kenyon, U.S. Senator from Iowa from 1909 to 1922 (died 1933)
July 17 – Mariette Rheiner Garner, wife of John Nance Garner, Second Lady of the United States (died 1948)
July 20 – Howard Thurston, stage magician (died 1936)
August 5 – J. C. W. Beckham, U.S. Senator from Kentucky from 1915 till 1921 (died 1940)
December 16 – Bertha Lamme, electrical engineer (died 1943)
Edwin Arlington Robinson, poet (died 1935)
Nathan Paine, lumber baron (died 1947)
January 1 – Martin W. Bates, U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1857 to 1859 (born 1786)
January 11 – Sophia Dallas, wife of George M. Dallas, Second Lady of the United States (born 1798)
February 18 – Walker Brooke, U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1852 to 1853 (born 1813)
March 13 – James Guthrie, U.S. Senator from Kentucky from 1865 to 1868 (born 1792)
April 13 – Isaiah Rogers, architect (born 1800)
May 23 – Alexander O. Anderson, U.S. Senator from Tennessee from 1840 to 1841 (born 1794)
July 18 – Laurent Clerc, advocate for the deaf (born 1785)
July 22 – John A. Roebling, bridge engineer (born 1806 in Prussia)
July 30 – Isaac Toucey, U.S. Senator from Connecticut from 1851 to 1857 (born 1792)
August 6 – David J. Baker, U.S. Senator from Illinois in 1830 (born 1792)
September 10 – John Bell, U.S. Senator from Tennessee from 1847 to 1859 (born 1796)
October 8 – Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States from 1853 to 1857 (born 1804)
October 15 – William Hamlin, engraver (born 1772 in Rhode Island)
November 11 – Hiram Bingham I, missionary to Hawaii (born 1789)
November 21 – Benjamin Fitzpatrick, U.S. Senator from Alabama from 1848 to 1849 and 1853 to 1861 (born 1802)
December 18 – Louis Moreau Gottschalk, composer and pianist (born 1829)
Sandy Cornish, freed slave and farmer (born 1793)
1869 in the United States Wikipedia
Events from the year 1869 in the United States.