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1869 in Canada

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1869 in Canada

Events from the year 1869 in Canada.



  • Head of state (monarch) – Queen Victoria (consort – Vacant)
  • Federal government

  • Governor general – Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck (until February 2) then John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar (viceregal consort – Elizabeth Monck, Viscountess Monck then Adelaide Dalton)
  • Prime minister – John A. Macdonald
  • Lieutenant governors

  • Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Lemuel Allan Wilmot
  • Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Charles Hastings Doyle
  • Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – William Pearce Howland
  • Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau
  • Premiers

  • Premier of New Brunswick – Andrew Rainsford Wetmore
  • Premier of Nova Scotia – William Annand
  • Premier of Ontario – John Sandfield Macdonald
  • Premier of Quebec – Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
  • Events

  • February 2 - Lord Lisgar replaces Viscount Monck of Ballytrammon as Governor General
  • February 11 - Patrick James Whelan is hanged for the assassination of Thomas D'Arcy McGee
  • October 9 - Sir Francis Hincks becomes Minister of Finance
  • October 24 - The Canadian Illustrated News is founded in Montreal.
  • November 19 - The Deed of Surrender recognizes the purchase of Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory from the Hudson's Bay Company: the lands are placed under the direct control of the Crown, but do not yet formally belong to Canada.
  • Full date unknown

  • Timothy Eaton opens his first store in Toronto
  • Newfoundland rejects Confederation with Canada
  • Newfoundland general election, 1869
  • Red River Rebellion begins
  • George Hunt founds Huntsville, Ontario
  • 1869 to 1870 - Smallpox epidemic strikes Canadian Plains tribes, including Blackfeet, Piegan, and Blood.
  • Maria Susan Rye began bringing groups of children from poorhouses and orphanages to Canada from England.
  • Births

  • March 18 - Maude Abbott, physician (d.1940)
  • April 6 - Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté, painter and sculptor (d.1937)
  • June 20 - William Donald Ross, financier, banker and Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (d.1947)
  • August 25 - Charles William Jefferys, artist and historian (d.1951)
  • November 25 - Herbert Greenfield, politician and 4th Premier of Alberta (d.1949)
  • December 18 - William Sanford Evans, politician (d.1950)
  • December 30 - Stephen Leacock, writer and economist (d.1944)
  • Deaths

  • March 5 - John Redpath, Scots-Quebecer businessman and philanthropist (b.1796)
  • August 1 - Louis-Charles Boucher de Niverville, lawyer and politician (b.1825)
  • Full date unknown

  • Patrick J. Whelan, tailor and alleged Fenian sympathizer executed following the 1868 assassination of Canadian journalist and politician Thomas D'Arcy McGee (b.1840)
  • References

    1869 in Canada Wikipedia

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