|Covid-19|Head of state (monarch) – Queen Victoria (consort – Vacant)
Governor general – Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck (until February 2) then John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar (viceregal consort – Elizabeth Monck, Viscountess Monck then Adelaide Dalton)
Prime minister – John A. Macdonald
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Lemuel Allan Wilmot
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Charles Hastings Doyle
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – William Pearce Howland
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau
Premier of New Brunswick – Andrew Rainsford Wetmore
Premier of Nova Scotia – William Annand
Premier of Ontario – John Sandfield Macdonald
Premier of Quebec – Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
February 2 - Lord Lisgar replaces Viscount Monck of Ballytrammon as Governor General
February 11 - Patrick James Whelan is hanged for the assassination of Thomas D'Arcy McGee
October 9 - Sir Francis Hincks becomes Minister of Finance
October 24 - The Canadian Illustrated News is founded in Montreal.
November 19 - The Deed of Surrender recognizes the purchase of Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory from the Hudson's Bay Company: the lands are placed under the direct control of the Crown, but do not yet formally belong to Canada.
Timothy Eaton opens his first store in Toronto
Newfoundland rejects Confederation with Canada
Newfoundland general election, 1869
Red River Rebellion begins
George Hunt founds Huntsville, Ontario
1869 to 1870 - Smallpox epidemic strikes Canadian Plains tribes, including Blackfeet, Piegan, and Blood.
Maria Susan Rye began bringing groups of children from poorhouses and orphanages to Canada from England.
March 18 - Maude Abbott, physician (d.1940)
April 6 - Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté, painter and sculptor (d.1937)
June 20 - William Donald Ross, financier, banker and Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (d.1947)
August 25 - Charles William Jefferys, artist and historian (d.1951)
November 25 - Herbert Greenfield, politician and 4th Premier of Alberta (d.1949)
December 18 - William Sanford Evans, politician (d.1950)
December 30 - Stephen Leacock, writer and economist (d.1944)
March 5 - John Redpath, Scots-Quebecer businessman and philanthropist (b.1796)
August 1 - Louis-Charles Boucher de Niverville, lawyer and politician (b.1825)
Patrick J. Whelan, tailor and alleged Fenian sympathizer executed following the 1868 assassination of Canadian journalist and politician Thomas D'Arcy McGee (b.1840)
1869 in Canada Wikipedia
Events from the year 1869 in Canada.