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1868 in architecture

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1868 in architecture

The year 1868 in architecture involved some significant events.



  • April 4 – Eduard van der Nüll hangs himself in disappointment at the public reaction to the design of the Vienna State Opera; August Sicard von Sicardsburg, his fellow architect on the project, dies a few months later of tuberculosis before the theatre is opened.
  • July 15 – Foundation stone laid for St Colman's Cathedral, Cobh, Ireland, designed by E. W. Pugin and George Ashlin.
  • Alfred Waterhouse wins the competition for the design of Manchester Town Hall in England.
  • Henry Hobson Richardson is commissioned to build the Alexander Dallas Bache Monument in Washington, D.C., USA.
  • Buildings opened

  • January 9 – Pike's Opera House, New York City, USA.
  • January 20 – Neues Theater, Leipzig (opera house), Germany.
  • August 15 – Teatro Giuseppe Verdi, Busseto, Italy.
  • September 1 – Vienna Künstlerhaus (art gallery), Austria, designed by August Weber.
  • October 1 – In London, England:
  • St Pancras railway station train shed, designed by W. H. Barlow (construction of the permanent station buildings and Midland Grand Hotel, designed by George Gilbert Scott, has only just begun).
  • Bayswater, Gloucester Road and Notting Hill Gate Underground stations.
  • October 10 – Runcorn Railway Bridge, England.
  • November 30 – St Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney, Australia, completed by Edmund Blacket.
  • Buildings completed

  • Cīrava Palace, Latvia (rebuilt and expanded by Teodor Zeiler).
  • The Gyeongbokgung of Korea.
  • Hong Kong Hotel.
  • Grand Hotel (New York City), USA.
  • Gilsey's Apollo Hall (theater), New York City, USA.
  • Chamberlin Iron Front Building, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, USA.
  • Halle Saint-Pierre (market), Paris, France
  • Royal Hampshire County Hospital, Winchester, England, designed by George Butterfield, advised by Florence Nightingale.
  • Abbey Mills Pumping Stations, London, England, designed by engineer Joseph Bazalgette, Edmund Cooper, and architect Charles Driver.
  • Ilkeston Town Hall, Derbyshire, England, designed by Richard Charles Sutton.
  • Spanish Synagogue (Prague), designed by Vojtěch Ignátz Ullmann.
  • Grønland Church, Christiania, Norway, designed by Wilhelm von Hanno.
  • Sedgwick House, Cumbria, England, designed by Paley and Austin.
  • Vinegar warehouse for Hill & Evans, 33–35 Eastcheap in the City of London, designed by Robert Lewis Roumieu.
  • Awards

  • Royal Gold Medal – Austen Henry Layard.
  • Grand Prix de Rome, architecture: Alfred Leclerc.
  • Births

  • February 24 – Alfred Brumwell Thomas, English architect (died 1948)
  • April 14 – Peter Behrens, German modernist architect and designer (died 1940)
  • May 13 – Arthur Anderson, Australian architect (died 1942)
  • June 7 – Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, watercolourist and artist (died 1928)
  • June 8 – Robert Robinson Taylor, first accredited African-American architect (died 1942)
  • Deaths

  • April 4 – Eduard van der Nüll, Viennese architect (born 1812)
  • May 23 – James Pigott Pritchett, architect of London and York (born 1789)
  • June 11 – August Sicard von Sicardsburg, Austrian architect (born 1813)
  • References

    1868 in architecture Wikipedia

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