Girish Mahajan (Editor)

1856 in Scotland

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1856 in Scotland
Centuries:  17th 18th 19th 20th 21st
Decades:  1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s

Events from the year 1856 in Scotland.



  • Monarch — Victoria
  • Law officers

  • Lord Advocate — James Moncreiff
  • Solicitor General for Scotland — Edward Maitland
  • Judiciary

  • Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General — Lord Colonsay
  • Lord Justice Clerk — Lord Glencorse
  • Events

  • 4 January — Faculty of Actuaries established.
  • February — An oak and a yew tree associated with William Wallace at his reputed birthplace of Elderslie are blown down in a storm.
  • 1 April — Aberdeen Waterloo railway station opens to serve the Great North of Scotland Railway main line to Keith.
  • November — James Clerk Maxwell takes up an appointment as Professor of Natural Philosophy at Marischal College, Aberdeen.
  • 31 December — Lord Brougham's Act requires at least one party to a marriage contracted after this date to have been resident in Scotland for 21 days, putting a curb on Gretna Green marriage.
  • Trinity College, Glasgow, established as a Church College of the Free Church of Scotland.
  • Dunfermline claims city status in the United Kingdom by historical usage; the status is never officially recognised.
  • William McEwan opens McEwan's Fountain Brewery at Fountainbridge in Edinburgh.
  • The iron steamboat Thomas is built for service on the Forth and Clyde Canal, origin of the Clyde puffer.
  • The Clyde Model Yacht Club, a predecessor of the Royal Northern and Clyde Yacht Club, is established.
  • Births

  • 30 May — James Pittendrigh Macgillivray, sculptor and poet (died 1938)
  • 15 August — Keir Hardie, socialist and labour leader (died 1915)
  • 13 September — Henry Halcro Johnston, botanist, army physician and rugby union international (died 1939)
  • 27 November — Matthew Stirling, locomotive engineer (died 1931 in Hull)
  • 1 December — Malcolm Smith, Liberal politician (died 1935)
  • William W. Naismith, mountaineer (died 1935)
  • William Robertson, industrialist (died 1923)
  • Deaths

  • August — James Bremner, shipbuilder and salvor (born 1784)
  • 30 August — John Ross, naval officer and Arctic explorer (born 1777)
  • 20 September — Samuel Morison Brown, chemist, poet and essayist (born 1817)
  • 23/24 December — Hugh Miller, geologist, by suicide (born 1802)
  • 25 February — George Don, botanist (born 1798)
  • The Arts

  • McLellan Galleries opened in Glasgow.
  • References

    1856 in Scotland Wikipedia

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