Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

1852 in science

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1852 in science

The year 1852 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Contents

Aeronautics

  • September 24 – French engineer Henri Giffard makes the first airship trip, from Paris to Trappes.
  • Biology

  • Last recognised sighting of a great auk, on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland.
  • Chemistry

  • August Beer proposes Beer's law, which explains the relationship between the composition of a mixture and the amount of light it will absorb. Based partly on earlier work by Pierre Bouguer and Johann Heinrich Lambert, it establishes the analytical technique known as spectrophotometry.
  • Mathematics

  • October 23 – Francis Guthrie poses the four colour problem to Augustus De Morgan.
  • Medicine

  • January 15 – Nine representatives of Hebrew charitable organizations come together to form what will become the Mount Sinai Hospital, New York.
  • February 15 – The Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits its first patient.
  • Technology

  • March 2 – The first American experimental steam fire engine is tested.
  • The mechanical semaphore line in France is superseded by the electric telegraph.
  • Captain E. M. Boxer of the Royal Arsenal devizes an improvement to the shrapnel shell by insertion of an iron diaphragm, preventing premature ignition.
  • Awards

  • Copley Medal: Alexander von Humboldt
  • Wollaston Medal for Geology: William Henry Fitton
  • Births

  • April 10 – Arthur Vierendeel (died 1940), Belgian civil engineer.
  • May 1 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal (died 1934), Spanish neuroscientist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • August 4 – Catharine van Tussenbroek (died 1925), Dutch physician.
  • August 30 – Jacobus van 't Hoff (died 1911), Dutch chemist.
  • September 9 – John Henry Poynting (died 1914), English physicist, discoverer of the Poynting–Robertson effect and the Poynting vector.
  • September 28 – Isis Pogson (died 1945), English astronomer and meteorologist.
  • October 2 – William Ramsay (died 1916), Scottish winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • October 9 – Hermann Emil Fischer (died 1919), German winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • December 15 – Henri Becquerel (died 1908), French physicist.
  • Deaths

  • January 6 – Louis Braille (born 1809), French inventor.
  • August 15 – Johan Gadolin (born 1760), Finnish chemist.
  • September 8 – Anna Maria Walker (born 1778), Scottish botanist.
  • November 10 – Gideon Mantell (born 1790), English paleontologist.
  • November 27 – Augusta Ada King (née Byron), Countess of Lovelace (born 1815), English computing pioneer.
  • Sarah Guppy (born 1770), English inventor.
  • References

    1852 in science Wikipedia


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