Neha Patil (Editor)

1830 in science

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1830 in science

The year 1830 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Contents

Astronomy

  • March 16 – Great Comet of 1830 (C/1830 F1, 1830 I) first observed in Mauritius.
  • Johann Heinrich Mädler and Wilhelm Beer produce the first map of the surface of Mars.
  • Biology

  • Charles Bell publishes his Nervous System of the Human Body.
  • William Jackson Hooker commences publication of The British Flora.
  • Exploration

  • October 14 – HMS Beagle returns to England from her first voyage, a hydrographic survey of the Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego regions of South America.
  • Geology

  • Charles Lyell publishes the first volume of his Principles of Geology, being an attempt to explain the former changes of the Earth's surface, by reference to causes now in operation.
  • Medicine

  • Thomas Southwood Smith publishes the standard textbook A Treatise on Fever in London.
  • Technology

  • July 13 – John Ruggles is granted United States patent No. 1, for applying rack railway equipment to the "Locomotive steam-engine for rail and other roads".
  • August 31 – Edwin Budding is granted a United Kingdom patent for the lawnmower.
  • Aeneas Coffey is granted a United Kingdom patent for an improved column still.
  • Publications

  • Charles Babbage publishes Reflections on the Decline of Science in England, and on Some of Its Causes.
  • Awards

  • Copley Medal: not awarded
  • Births

  • March 5 – Étienne-Jules Marey (died 1904), physiologist.
  • March 5 – Charles Wyville Thompson (died 1882), marine biologist.
  • April 21 – Clémence Royer (died 1902), French anthropologist.
  • May 10 – François-Marie Raoult (died 1901), chemist.
  • August 19 – Lothar Meyer (died 1895), chemist.
  • October 24 – Marianne North (died 1890), botanist.
  • November 20 – Sigismond Jaccoud (died 1913), physician.
  • Deaths

  • March 2 – Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring (born 1755), physician, anatomist, paleontologist and inventor.
  • March 29 – James Rennell (born 1742), cartographer and oceanographer.
  • May 16 – Joseph Fourier (born 1768), mathematician.
  • Clelia Durazzo Grimaldi (born 1760), Italian botanist.
  • References

    1830 in science Wikipedia


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