|Covid-19|July 19 – A baronetcy is created for British sculptor Henry Cheere.
England's oldest surviving Georgian theatre is constructed in Stockton-on-Tees.
The Drottningholm Palace Theatre is reopened as an opera house in Stockholm, Sweden, in its surviving form, designed by Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz.
Denis Diderot's Essais sur la peinture is published.
Jean-Antoine Houdon – Bruno of Cologne (sculpture for Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri in Rome)
Maruyama Ōkyo – Crows
Allan Ramsay – Portrait of David Hume
Joseph Wright of Derby – A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery
March 1 – Johann Conrad Felsing, German topographer and engraver using stippling (died 1819)
March 2 – Thomas Henry, French painter and art patron (died 1836)
March 16 – Jean-Frédéric Waldeck, artist and explorer (died 1875)
April 1 – François-Xavier Fabre, French painter of historical subjects (died 1837)
April 6 – Wilhelm von Kobell, German painter, printmaker and teacher (died 1853)
October 14 – Friedrich Carl Gröger, north-German portrait painter and lithographer (died 1838)
December 22 – Johann Samuel Arnhold, German painter in oil and water-colours, and on porcelain and enamel (died 1827)
December 25 – Samuel Drummond, British painter especially portraits and marine genre works (died 1844)
Pierre-Charles Bridan, French sculptor (died 1836)
Jes Bundsen, Danish architectural and landscape painter and etcher (died 1829)
Mariano Gerada, sculptor and woodworker (died 1823)
January 7 – Giacomo Boni, Italian painter (born 1688)
January 19 – Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, French architect and painter (born 1695)
March 4 – Joseph Aved, also called le Camelot (The Hawker) and Avet le Batave (The Dutch Avet), French Rococo portraitist (born 1702)
May 5 – Olof Arenius, Swedish portrait painter (born 1701)
July 17 – Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian Jesuit Brother, missionary in China, painter at the court of the Emperor (b. 1688)
July 18 – Mauro Antonio Tesi, Italian painter of the late-Baroque period, active mainly in Bologna (b. 1730)
Vincenzo Meucci, Italian painter whose patrons included Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici (b. 1694)
Jean-Marc Nattier, French painter (b. 1685)
Antonio Consetti, Italian historical painter (b. 1686)
William Elliott, English engraver (born 1727)
1766 in art Wikipedia
Events from the year 1766 in art.