Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)


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Introduced  1989
Registry  FORTH-ICS
Status  Active
Sponsor  FORTH
TLD type  Country code top-level domain
Intended use  Entities connected with  Greece

.gr is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Greece. Registrations are processed via accredited registrars and domain names in Greek characters may also be registered.


Second level domains

There are eight official second level domains:

  • com.gr: for those engaging in commercial activities.
  • edu.gr: for educational institutions.
  • net.gr: Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and network providers.
  • org.gr: non-profit organizations.
  • gov.gr: exclusively for governmental organizations.
  • mil.gr: exclusively for military purposes.
  • mod.gr: Ministry of Defence
  • sch.gr: local education authorities, schools, primary and secondary education, community education.
  • There are some other not official second level domains that belong to registrars offering third level domain name registrations.

  • co.gr: for commercial use (extremely rare use).
  • Alternative top domain

    Greece applied for the internationalized country code top-level domain (IDN ccTLD) .ελ (.ΕΛ in capital letters) for domain names composed of letters of the Greek alphabet. This was turned down by ICANN in April 2011 because it was too similar visually to .EA in Latin letters; ICANN had concerns that Web users who are unfamiliar with the Greek alphabet might be tricked into visiting a Web site masquerading as a site in the .ea TLD should ICANN ever implement such a TLD. Any Latin two-letter combination is or might be used for ISO 3166-1 codes. Therefore, two-letter codes visually similar to Latin letters are not allowed, but three-letter codes such as .укр for Ukraine are allowed. As of 2012, the .ea top-level domain is not allocated but EA is an exceptionally reserved ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code element (Ceuta & Melilla). In 2014 ICANN decided to allow Greece to have the domain .ελ. In October 2015 the right to this top domain was handed over to Greece. It is not active as of February 2016. There is also Greek plan to use the domain .ευ for the European Union. It has also been turned down because it is too visually similar to .eu, the European Union domain.


    .gr Wikipedia